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St Augustine

(d. 604) missionary and archbishop of Canterbury

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Abbé de Saint-Cyran

Abbé de Saint-Cyran  

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Religion
(1581–1643), Jean Duvergier de Hauranne, commendatory Abbot of Saint-Cyran from 1620, and one of the authors of Jansenism. He was a close friend of C. O. Jansen, and, attracted to St Augustine's ...
Æthelbert

Æthelbert  

(d. 616),king of Kent (560–616), was the king who welcomed the Christian missionaries led by St Augustine to England in 597. He exercised overlordship over all the English peoples south of the ...
agape

agape  

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Religion
In Christian theology, Christian love, especially as distinct from erotic love or simple affection; a communal meal in token of Christian fellowship, as held by early Christians in commemoration of ...
Ailred of Rievaulx

Ailred of Rievaulx  

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Religion
(1110–67),known as the ‘St Bernard of the North’, was the leading figure in the Cistercian order in England in the mid‐12th cent. The son of a priest of Hexham (Northd.), he entered the abbey of ...
Alaric

Alaric  

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History
[Na]Visigoth leader who in ad 395 led a migration of his people into Greece and devastated the Balkans. The eastern government encouraged him to turn his attention westwards and he invaded Italy in ...
Alexander

Alexander  

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Religion
With Sisinnius and Martyrius, martyred at Milan in 397. The fact of their martyrdom is certain; they were commended by Ambrose, Augustine, and Maximus of Turin, and they had an early cult. But the ...
Alleluia

Alleluia  

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Music
This Lat. form of Hebrew exclamation, meaning ‘Praise Jehovah’, was added to certain of the responds of the RC Church, suitably joyful mus. to be grafted on to traditional plainsong and, in time, ...
altar

altar  

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Religion
The table in a Christian church at which the bread and wine are consecrated in communion services; a table or flat-topped block used as the focus for a religious ritual, especially for making ...
André Wilmart

André Wilmart  

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Religion
(1876–1941),patristic scholar. A native of Orléans, he studied under P. Batiffol, with whom he published the Tractatus Origenis (1900). In 1901 he entered the Benedictine Order at Solesmes and ...
Angles

Angles  

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History
A member of a Germanic tribe closely linked to the Jutes and Saxons, thought to have originated in Schleswig‐Holstein or Denmark. In the 5th century they settled in eastern Britain in East Anglia and ...
Anglo-Saxon

Anglo-Saxon  

A person or language of the English Saxons, distinct from the Old Saxons and the Angles, a group of Germanic peoples who invaded and settled in Britain between the 5th and 7th centuries.
Anglo-Saxon Church

Anglo-Saxon Church  

The Church in England from the end of the 6th cent. to the Norman Conquest (1066). In 597 the Roman mission of St Augustine landed in Thanet in the south and sees were quickly set up at Canterbury, ...
Antichrist

Antichrist  

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Religion
A great personal opponent of Christ, expected by the early Church to appear before the end of the world. The name is recorded from Old English and comes via Old French or ecclesiastical Latin from ...
apse

apse  

A large semicircular or polygonal recess in a church, arched or with a domed roof and typically at the church's eastern end. Recorded from the early 19th century, the word comes from Latin apsis ...
Aquarians

Aquarians  

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Religion
An early sect or sects which used water instead of wine in the Eucharist.
archbishop

archbishop  

Are, literally, chief bishops. By the 5th cent. ad the title was applied to the occupants of sees of major ecclesiastical importance, particularly those of metropolitan bishops. This designation ...
Atto

Atto  

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Religion
(c. 885–961),Bp. of Vercelli from 924. He was a canonist and theologian remarkable for his great erudition in an unlearned age. His writings included a long commentary on the ...
Augustine of Hippo, Rule of St

Augustine of Hippo, Rule of St  

A monastic Rule which exists in three main forms, two for men and one for women; their relationship is disputed. As there is no reference to a rule in St Augustine's Retractationes, his authorship ...
Augustinian canons

Augustinian canons  

(‘Regular’ or ‘Black’ canons) had their origin in the mid‐11th‐cent. ecclesiastical reform movement. Earlier communities of clerics (or ‘canons’) staffing cathedrals and large churches and organized ...
Augustinians

Augustinians  

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History
[Ge]A monastic order of ordained canons; most Augustinian houses were founded in the mid to late 12th century.

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