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ace

ace  

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Overview Page
N. a military aviator who has shot down more than five enemy aircraft.
air power

air power  

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Overview Page
Airborne military forces.
Antoine-Henri Jomini

Antoine-Henri Jomini  

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Overview Page
(1779–1869) Swiss authority on the art of war who wrote histories of the campaigns of Frederick the Great and of Napoleon, in whose service he fought. In his writings he ...
Battle of the Somme

Battle of the Somme  

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Overview Page
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History
(July–November 1916)A major battle fought between British and German forces in northern France during World War I. The battle was planned by Joffre and Haig. Before it began the Germans attacked ...
battles of Alamein

battles of Alamein  

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(1942),part of the Western Desert campaigns in WW II. Alamein (or al-Alamayn) lies on the Egyptian coast some 60 miles (96 km) west of Alexandria. With the extremely inhospitable—if ...
blockade

blockade  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Law
N. an act of sealing off a place to prevent goods or people from entering or leaving.run a blockade (of a ship) manage to enter or leave a blockaded port.[...]
FM Chu Teh

FM Chu Teh  

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(1886–1976).Like many Chinese communist leaders, Chu Teh was born into a peasant family. Having entered the Yunnan Military Academy in 1911, he was caught up in Sun Yat-sen's nationalist ...
Gen Erich von Falkenhayn

Gen Erich von Falkenhayn  

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(1861–1922),one of the most criticized military leaders of WW I. He is best remembered as the author of the battle of Verdun. Falkenhayn was a scion of a typical ...
Giulio Douhet

Giulio Douhet  

(1869–1930) an Italian army general of World War I. Although trained as an artillery officer, he commanded Italy's first aviation unit, the Aeronautical Battalion, from 1912 to 1915. His harsh ...
Hans Delbrück

Hans Delbrück  

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(1848–1929),German professor, military historian, and publicist. Delbrück's scholarship on society, strategy, and tactics from antiquity to modern times transformed the history of war, influenced ...
Italy, campaign in (WW II)

Italy, campaign in (WW II)  

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This was the result of the US acceptance of a British strategy in 1942. The British favoured an ‘indirect approach’, fighting in the Mediterranean theatre. By contrast, the Americans preferred ...
Kaffir wars

Kaffir wars  

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Nine conflicts in South Africa arising from the tension between Boer/British expansion and the tribes of the powerful pastoral Xhosa nation, characterized by slow British adaptation to guerrilla ...
League of Augsburg war

League of Augsburg war  

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Overview Page
(1688–97),also known as the Nine Years War or the War of the Grand Alliance. After having the first eighteen years of his 72-year reign dominated by his political mentor ...
manoeuvre warfare

manoeuvre warfare  

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Overview Page
The term ‘manoeuvre warfare’ has become a mantra. Its original meaning is the movement of forces on the ground into advantageous positions which facilitate the destruction of the enemy or ...
morale

morale  

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N.the confidence, enthusiasm, and discipline of a person or group at a particular time: their morale was high.
Napoleon I

Napoleon I  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(1769–1821)Emperor of the French (1804–14). Born in Ajaccio, he was a Corsican of Italian descent. By the age of 26 he was a general, and placed in supreme command of the campaign against Sardinia ...
Napoleonic Wars

Napoleonic Wars  

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Overview Page
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Literature
A series of campaigns (1800–15) of French armies under Napoleon I against Austria, Russia, Great Britain, Portugal, Prussia, and other European powers. They ended with Napoleon's defeat at the Battle ...
North-West Europe campaign

North-West Europe campaign  

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Overview Page
(September 1944–May 1945)An Allied military campaign in World War II. Following the Normandy Campaign, Montgomery's forces captured Antwerp (4 September) and crossed the Albert Canal. The US 1st Army ...
Seven Years' War

Seven Years' War  

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Overview Page
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History
1756–63.In the years immediately after the War of the Austrian Succession, a ‘diplomatic revolution’ took place in Europe. France and Austria, with support from Russia, Sweden, and Saxony, aligned ...
Thirty Years War

Thirty Years War  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1618–48)A series of conflicts, fought mainly in Germany, in which Protestant–Catholic rivalries and German constitutional issues were gradually subsumed in a European struggle. It began in 1618 with ...

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