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accident proneness

accident proneness  

The propensity of an individual to suffer (or cause) more than an average number of accidents. This is of particular interest in industrial and organizational psychology, which is anxious to analyse ...
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Media studies
An attention-grabbing presentation in any medium which typically serves the marketing function of persuading consumers to purchase a product or service but which may also function to raise or ...
alpha blocking

alpha blocking  

Suppression of the alpha wave in an EEG trace of a person who pays attention to or concentrates on something.
apperception

apperception  

n. (in psychology) the process by which the qualities of an object, situation, etc., perceived by an individual are correlated with his/her preexisting knowledge.
arousal

arousal  

1 The transition from the sleeping to the waking state.2 An increase in the responsiveness of an animal to sensory stimuli.
attention control training

attention control training  

A complex training process that enables an athlete to control attention. It involves developing intervention strategies that help athletes avoid undue stress by controlling their attention and to ...
attention, neural basis

attention, neural basis  

Natural visual scenes are cluttered and contain many different objects. However, the capacity of the visual system to process information about multiple objects at any given moment in time is ...
attention operating characteristic

attention operating characteristic  

A type of performance operating characteristic used in the study of attention, consisting of a graph in which the level of performance of one task is plotted against the level of performance of the ...
attention span

attention span  

1 The length of time for which a person can attend to something.2 Another name for the span of apprehension. See also chunking, magical number seven.
attenuation theory

attenuation theory  

Any theory of attention according to which information that is not attended to is processed, though at a shallower level of processing than the information receiving attention. The mechanism that ...
automatic processing

automatic processing  

Any information processing that occurs involuntarily and without conscious intention or control, as in the performance of well-practised activities such as seeing, reading, riding a bicycle, playing ...
automaticity

automaticity  

The ability to perform a task by automatic processing, independent of conscious control and attention. Strong automaticity is almost entirely automatic and can be carried out without attention. ...
autonomous stage

autonomous stage  

A late stage in the learning of a skill when performance is habitual and requires little attention. See Fitts and Posner's stages of learning.
awareness

awareness  

The state of being fully conscious of pertinent stimuli and really experiencing a task or situation. Awareness requires the ability to totally focus attention on a task. An aware athlete is conscious ...
between-play routines

between-play routines  

A performance routine developed by psychological skills training, that is designed to help an athlete focus attention appropriately during breaks in the action of games such as golf tennis, ...
bias

bias  

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Systematic distortion of results or findings from the true state of affairs, or any of several varieties of processes leading to systematic distortion. In everyday usage, “bias” often implies the ...
bit

bit  

Either of the digits 0 or 1 as used in the binary notation. Bits are therefore the basic unit of information in a computer system.
Bliss–Boder hypothesis

Bliss–Boder hypothesis  

An early, largely unsubstantiated hypothesis, that attention devoted to well-practised movements will result in their disruption.
bottleneck

bottleneck  

In structural models of attention, a certain point in the central nervous system through which the passage of information is restricted.
bottleneck theory

bottleneck theory  

Any theory of attention according to which all incoming information is subjected to some level of processing before a portion of it is selected for attention. See also cocktail party phenomenon, ...

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