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Aboriginality

Aboriginality  

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A term coined by Indigenous Australian anthropologist and activist Marcia Langton to conceptualize the disparity between representations of Indigenous Australians in film and media and their actual ...
agōnĕs

agōnĕs  

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1 The term agōn and its derivatives can denote the informal and extempore rivalries that permeated Greek life in the general fight for survival and, success esp. philosophical, legal, and public ...
amateurism

amateurism  

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The approach to the playing of sport that insisted that the game must be played for love rather than money (from the Latin, ‘to love’), and according to a particular code of behaviour and conduct. ...
body

body  

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The history of the body is a discipline which emerged in the 1980s; it questions the extent to which the body is ‘natural’, and asks whether all societies have experienced ...
boxing

boxing  

Developed from uncontrolled encounters, in which wrestling, kicking, gouging, biting, hair‐pulling, and kicking opponents when down were practised. Early prize fights went on until one of the ...
chariot racing

chariot racing  

A form of horse racing immensely popular in the ancient civilizations of Greece, Rome, and Byzantium, with some predecessors in the privileged cultures of earlier civilizations, such as in Syria, ...
discus

discus  

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A throwing event that was included in the early ancient Olympic Games, and has been long established as a core field event in athletic competitions and meets worldwide. The discus is a circular ...
Equestrian monument

Equestrian monument  

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Inscriptions and literary sources attest to the popularity of statues of horse and rider in the Greco-Roman world, but few complete statues have survived. Indeed, the gilded bronze of the ...
game

game  

In many languages a term synonymous with play, but distinguished in English as specifying a certain activity associated with play (as opposed to a general activity performed playfully) which is ...
gymnasiarch

gymnasiarch  

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In Classical Athens gymnasiarchs were appointed annually from the ten tribes (phylai) to organize torch‐races; the post was a burdensome liturgy. The gymnasiarch of the Hellenistic and Roman polis ...
gymnasium

gymnasium  

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[MC]A Greek sports ground and centre for education. Typically includes spacious courts for exercise and games, washrooms, and classrooms with stone benches for sedentary periods.
haltēres

haltēres  

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(ἁλτη̑ρες) were pieces of iron or stone used by Greek long jumpers. Shaped and gripped like modern dumb-bells, they normally weighed between 1.4 and 2.3 kilos (3–5 lb.). The long ...
Hermes

Hermes  

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In Greek mythology, the son of Zeus and Maia, the messenger of the gods, and god of merchants, thieves, and oratory. He was portrayed as a herald equipped for travelling, with broad-brimmed hat, ...
Leto

Leto  

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In Greek mythology, the daughter of a Titan, mother (by Zeus) of Artemis and Apollo. Her Roman name is Latona.
Lucillius

Lucillius  

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Greek epigrammatist under Nero, author of more than 100 satirical epigrams in the Greek anthology. Many are jokes about physical types (thin people) or professions (doctors); others are inspired by ...
Nero

Nero  

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[Na]Roman emperor ad 54–68, stepson and heir of the emperor Claudius. He became infamous for his personal debaucheries and extravagances and, on doubtful evidence, for his burning of Rome and ...
olive

olive  

[Sp]An evergreen tree (Olea) that produces a small oval oil‐producing fruit. Grown around the Mediterranean from the 3rd millennium bc onwards, the cultivated variety (Olea europaea) is believed to ...
Olympia

Olympia  

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A plain in Greece, in the western Peloponnese. In ancient Greece it was the site of the chief sanctuary of the god Zeus, the place where the original Olympic Games were held. An Olympiad was a period ...
Olympic Games

Olympic Games  

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An ancient Greek festival with athletic, literary, and musical competitions held at Olympia every four years, traditionally from 776 bc until abolished by the Roman emperor Theodosius I in ad 393.In ...
Orsippus

Orsippus  

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Megarian victor (see Megara) in the foot race at Olympia in 720 bc. What passed as his epitaph, though it was written well after his death, claimed two feats for ...

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