Update

Overview

Athena

Return to overview »

You are looking at 1-20 of 122 entries

  • Type: Overview Page x
clear all

View:

aegis

aegis  

Reference type:
Overview Page
In classical art and mythology, an attribute of Zeus and Athena (or their Roman counterparts Jupiter and Minerva) usually represented as a goatskin shield. The word (denoting armour or a shield, ...
Aegium

Aegium  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Achaean port 40 km. (25 mi.) east of Patrae, beneath the modern town of Aigion. It was settled from neolithic times, with particularly extensive activity during the late Helladic and ...
Aethra

Aethra  

Reference type:
Overview Page
In mythology daughter of Pittheus, king of Troezen, and mother of Theseus by Aegeus. Since Theseus was often said to be son of Poseidon, various explanations were given: Aethra was ...
Aglaurus

Aglaurus  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Daughter of the Athenian king Cecrops, Aglaurus makes her best-known appearance in myth and art alongside Pandrosus and Herse; disobeying Athena's instructions, the sisters opened the chest where the ...
Aias

Aias  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Son of Oĭleus, the Locrian chieftain. In Homer Aias leads the Locrian contingent to Troy with 40 ships. He is ‘much lesser’ than Telamonian Aias (hence often called the Lesser Aias), quick‐footed, ...
Aias

Aias  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Son of Telamon, king of Salamis. He brought twelve ships from Salamis to Troy. In the Iliad he is enormous, head and shoulders above the rest, and the greatest Greek warrior after Achilles. His stock ...
Ajax

Ajax  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
In Greek mythology, a hero of the Trojan war, the son of Telamon, king of Salamis; he was proverbial for his size and strength. After the death of Achilles, he quarrelled with Odysseus as to which of ...
Amelesagoras

Amelesagoras  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Pseudonymous author of an Atthis (c.300 bc), who seems to have presented himself as an Eleusinian prophet (see Eleusis), the name may be connected with Ameles, an Underworld river (Plato ...
animals in cult

animals in cult  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Numerous features of Greek religion attest links between animals and gods, usually between one animal or group of animals and one divinity. Thus Athena is associated with various birds (in Athens ...
Apaturia

Apaturia  

Reference type:
Overview Page
An Ionian festival. Acc. to Herodotus, Ionians are all those who ‘derive from Athens and celebrate the festival Apaturia. All Ionians celebrate it except Ephesians and Colophonians.’ Almost all ...
Arachne

Arachne  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A woman of Colophon in Lydia, a skilful weaver who challenged Athene to a contest. Athene destroyed Arachne's work and Arachne tried to hang herself, but Athene changed her into a spider. The name ...
Arcadia

Arcadia  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A bleak and mountainous district in the central Peloponnese which became, as a result of references in Virgil's Eclogues, the traditional and incongruous location of the idealized world of the ...
Ares

Ares  

Reference type:
Overview Page
In Greek mythology, the war god, son of Zeus and Hera; his Roman equivalent is Mars.
Argonauts

Argonauts  

Reference type:
Overview Page
In Greek legend a band of 50 heroes who undertook a sea expedition to bring back the Golden Fleece from Colchis on the farther shore of the Euxine (Black) Sea. It was led by Jason, who had the task ...
Argos, Cults

Argos, Cults  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The main cult of the polis of Argos (2) was that of Hera (already ‘Argive’ in Homer, Iliad 4. 8=5.908), based c. 10 km. (6 mi.) north-east of the city ...
Arrephoria

Arrephoria  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Athenian festival, at which a rite was performed by the arrēphoroi, two or four girls between the ages of 7 and 11, chosen by the basileus (see archontes) to serve Athena Polias. They lived on the ...
Athens

Athens  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The capital of Greece, originally a flourishing city state of ancient Greece, which was an important cultural centre in the 5th century bc.Athens of America Boston.Athens of the North Edinburgh.
Attic cults and myths

Attic cults and myths  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Most Greek states honoured most Greek gods; the differences between them are of emphasis and degree. As characteristic Athenian emphases one might mention: the extraordinary prominence of Athena, ...
Bellerophon

Bellerophon  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
In Homer's account he is son of Glaucus and grandson of Sisyphus, and a native of Ephyre (generally identified with Corinth). Proetus, king of Tiryns, had a wife Anteia (Stheneboea in later versions) ...
Cadmus

Cadmus  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
In Greek mythology, the brother of Europa and traditional founder of Thebes in Boeotia. He killed a dragon which guarded a spring, and when (on Athene's advice) he sowed the dragon's teeth there came ...

View: