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Hafez al- Assad

(1928—2000) Syrian Baath statesman, President 1971–2000

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Assad, Hafez al-

Assad, Hafez al- (1930–2000)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
119 words

Assad served as minister of defence (1965–70), before seizing power in a military coup. He was elected president

Assad, Hafez al-, and Bashār al-Assad

Assad, Hafez al-, and Bashār al-Assad   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

Hafez al-Assad (b. 1930) was born Hafez Wahhāsh in Qardaha, an ʿAlawī village in northern Syria. He became

Assad, Hafiz al

Assad, Hafiz al (1928–2000)   Quick reference

Who's Who in the Twentieth Century

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History
Length:
313 words
Syrian statesman and soldier; president 1971–2000. Born into a poor family, Assad was educated at military academies in Syria and the Soviet Union, graduating as an air-force ... More
Ba'athism

Ba'athism  

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Refers to the political philosophy of the Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party (hizb al‐ba'ath al‐arabi al‐ishtiraki). This party is the result of the 1952 merger of two parties—the Arab Ba'ath Party founded ...
Bashar al- Assad

Bashar al- Assad  

(b. 11 Sept. 1965).President of Syria 2000–  Born in Damascus as the second son of Hafez al-Assad, he studied medicine at Damascus University, specializing in ophthalmology. Following the death of ...
Bashar Al-Assad

Bashar Al-Assad  

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(b. Damascus, 11 Sept. 1965)Syrian; President of Syria 2000–  The second son of Hafez al-Assad, he was completing his training as an ophthalmologist in London when his older brother, Basil al-Assad, ...
Damascus

Damascus  

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Religion
Capital of the Arab Republic of Syria. Cosmopolitan metropolis of very ancient origins; has been a major center of Islamic culture ever since its conquest by the Muslims in the seventh century. Was ...
Dawlah

Dawlah  

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Religion
An Arabic term from the root d-w-l, meaning to rotate, alternate, take turns, or occur periodically, dawlah, in a modern context, refers to the state. In modern Persian a similar ...

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