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Adolf Loos

Adolf Loos  

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(1870–1933)Austrian architect, whose rejection of all ornament, curves, and decorative features had a profound influence on a generation of architects. He was not, however, himself a successful ...
Aesthetic Movement

Aesthetic Movement  

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Term designating late-nineteenth-century enthusiasm for opulent arts and handcrafts, especially within a domestic context. Advocating beauty as a touchstone for every aspect of life, it grew from the ...
Akseli Gallen-Kallela

Akseli Gallen-Kallela  

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(b Pori, 26 Apr. 1865; d Stockholm, 7 Mar. 1931).Finnish painter, graphic artist, designer, and architect. A major figure in the Art Nouveau and Symbolist movements, Gallen-Kallela travelled widely ...
Alexandre(-Louis-Marie) Charpentier

Alexandre(-Louis-Marie) Charpentier  

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(b Paris, 10 June 1856; d Neuilly, Hauts-de-Seine, 3 March 1909).French sculptor, medallist and designer. From the early 1890s Charpentier was a key figure in the movement to revive ...
Alphonse Mucha

Alphonse Mucha  

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(b Ivančice, Moravia, 24 July 1860; d Prague, 14 July 1939).Czech painter and designer, active for much of his career in Paris. He settled there in 1888, and it ...
Alphonse-Hubert-François Balat

Alphonse-Hubert-François Balat  

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(1818–95).Belgian architect. In 1852 he became architect to the Duke of Brabant (the future King Leopold II (reigned 1865–1909) ), which gave him enormous clout. Although influenced by Viollet-le-Duc ...
Antoni Gaudí

Antoni Gaudí  

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(1852–1926)Antoni Gaudí attracted considerable attention for his highly original and distinctive contributions to architecture in design in late 19th‐ and early 20th‐century Spain. For the most part ...
Art Deco

Art Deco  

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The predominant decorative art style of the 1920s and 1930s, characterized by precise and boldly delineated geometric shapes and strong colours.
Art et Décoration

Art et Décoration  

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(1897–1939)With an outlook and layout similar to the British magazine the Studio this leading French periodical was edited by Thiébault‐Sisson and published by the Librairie Centrale des Beaux‐Arts ...
Arthur Heygate Mackmurdo

Arthur Heygate Mackmurdo  

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(1851–1942).London-born architect and designer. His first work was influenced by Norman Shaw but he also drew on Italian Renaissance, Queen Anne, and Wrenaissance styles. He founded the Century ...
Arts and Crafts Movement

Arts and Crafts Movement  

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An English decorative arts movement of the second half of the 19th century which sought to revive the ideal of craftsmanship in an age of increasing mechanization and mass production. William Morris ...
Aubrey Beardsley

Aubrey Beardsley  

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(1872–98),illustrator and writer, notorious in the 1890s as the outstanding artist of fin‐de‐siIcle decadence. His disturbingly erotic drawings develop rapidly from the murky sensuality of ...
auricular

auricular  

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Style of C16 and C17 ornament made with curved, smooth, undulating forms with flowing lines and ripple-like elements reminiscent of the human ear. Called the Cartilaginous, Dutch Grotesque, Lobate, ...
Bart van der Leck

Bart van der Leck  

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(b Utrecht, 26 Nov. 1876; d Blaricum, 13 Nov. 1958).Dutch painter and designer. After working for eight years in stained-glass studios, he studied painting in Amsterdam, 1900–4. His early ...
Belgium

Belgium  

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Belgium has conflicts between its language communities and has been shaken by political scandalsBelgium has three main geographical regions running from north-west to south-east. From the sand-dunes ...
Biba

Biba  

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(1964–75)Biba was an essential ingredient of the ‘Swinging London’ of the 1960s. Founded by Barbara Hulanicki, who had studied fashion illustration at Brighton School of Art, the business was ...
Camp

Camp  

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Literature
Standing out from the background, or theatrical posturing. Camp taste is concerned with affectation, artificiality, playfulness, and theatricality, and historically is therefore associated with ...
Canadian art

Canadian art  

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1. PaintingCanada's art reflects divided roots in the Catholic French and Puritan British colonies. La France apportant la foi aux Hurons de la Nouvelle France (c.1670; Quebec, Ursuline Monastery) ...
Carlo Bugatti

Carlo Bugatti  

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(1856–1940)A leading figure in design and the decorative arts in Italy in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Carlo Bugatti is perhaps best known for his exotic, handcrafted furniture designs. ...
Carlo Mollino

Carlo Mollino  

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(1905–73)A leading figure in Italian design in the middle decades of the 20th century, Mollino worked in a number of fields, including architecture, furniture, and interior design as well as ...

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