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artificial selection

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Charles Darwin

Charles Darwin  

(1809–82)British naturalist, who studied medicine in Edinburgh followed by theology at Cambridge University, intending a career in the Church. However, his interest in natural history led him to ...
clone

clone  

1. a group of genetically identical cells or organisms all descended from a single common ancestral cell or organism by mitosis in eukaryotes or by binary fission in prokaryotes. 2. genetically ...
Directed Protein Evolution

Directed Protein Evolution  

In the late 1980s, scientists began to develop techniques to alter protein function that do not require extensive knowledge of either protein structure or chemistry. They took notice of the ...
Experimental Evolution

Experimental Evolution  

This entry comprises two articles. The first article provides a summary overview contrasting experimental and comparative/historical approaches for studying evolution; the second article provides a ...
mating system

mating system  

In artificial selection, a procedure that is used to control the genetic constitution of offspring (usually the degree of homozygosity due to inbreeding). Mating may be assortative (i.e. between ...
natural selection

natural selection  

A complex process in which the total environment determines which members of a species survive to reproduce and so pass on their genes to the next generation. This need not necessarily involve a ...
selection

selection  

The process by which one or more factors acting on a population produce differential mortality and favour the transmission of specific characteristics to subsequent generations. See artificial ...

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