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Actaeon

Actaeon  

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In Greek mythology, a hunter who, because he accidentally saw Artemis bathing, was changed by her into a stag and killed by his own hounds.
Aegium

Aegium  

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Achaean port 40 km. (25 mi.) east of Patrae, beneath the modern town of Aigion. It was settled from neolithic times, with particularly extensive activity during the late Helladic and ...
Aetolian cults and myths

Aetolian cults and myths  

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Relatively isolated, after the Archaic period Aetolia had the reputation of a rough and violent region. In cult the massive conflagration of live birds and wild animals for Artemis Laphria ...
Agamemnon

Agamemnon  

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In Greek mythology, king of Mycenae and brother of Menelaus, commander-in-chief of the Greek forces in the Trojan War. On his return home from Troy he was murdered by his wife Clytemnestra and her ...
Alcestis

Alcestis  

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In Greek mythology, wife of Admetus, king of Pherae in Thessaly, whose life she saved by consenting to die on his behalf. She was brought back from Hades by Hercules.
Alcman

Alcman  

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Greek lyric poet, active in the mid‐ to late 7th cent. bc in Sparta. The Suda credits him with six books of lyric songs. Those songs, mostly choral, included maiden‐songs. We also hear of hymns and ...
Anahita

Anahita  

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(Anaitis, Ἀναίτις), Persian goddess of the fertilizing waters (Avesta Yašt 5). Artaxerxes (2) II (404–358 bc) introduced the use of cult-images into the major cities of his empire (Berossus in ...
animals in cult

animals in cult  

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Numerous features of Greek religion attest links between animals and gods, usually between one animal or group of animals and one divinity. Thus Athena is associated with various birds (in Athens ...
Aphaea

Aphaea  

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(Ἀφαία), a goddess worshipped in Aegina, where the ruins of her temple (famous for its pedimental sculptures, now in Munich) are extant. She was identified with Britomartis (Pausanias 2. 30. ...
Apollo

Apollo  

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In Greek mythology, a god, son of Zeus and Leto and brother of Artemis. He is associated with music, poetic inspiration, archery, prophecy, medicine, pastoral life, and the sun; the sanctuary at ...
apotheosis

apotheosis  

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Religion
(Gk., apo, ‘from’, + theoun, ‘to deify’).The elevation of a human being to the rank and status of a god. See also EUHEMERISM.
Arcadia

Arcadia  

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A bleak and mountainous district in the central Peloponnese which became, as a result of references in Virgil's Eclogues, the traditional and incongruous location of the idealized world of the ...
architecture

architecture  

The term given to an organization's information technology platform, structure and process but increasingly used as a way of explaining complex marketing concepts and functions, for example ‘brand ...
Argos, Cults

Argos, Cults  

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The main cult of the polis of Argos (2) was that of Hera (already ‘Argive’ in Homer, Iliad 4. 8=5.908), based c. 10 km. (6 mi.) north-east of the city ...
Ariadne

Ariadne  

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In Greek mythology, the daughter of King Minos of Crete and Pasiphaë. She helped Theseus to escape from the Minotaur's labyrinth by giving him a ball of thread, which he unravelled as he went in and ...
Asclepius

Asclepius  

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In Greek mythology, a hero and god of healing, son of Apollo, often represented bearing a staff with a serpent coiled round it. He sometimes bears a scroll or tablet, probably representing medical ...
Astarte

Astarte  

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Religion
The Phoenician goddess of love. This is the name which Byron gives to his half‐sister Augusta Leigh in his drama Manfred.
Atalanta

Atalanta  

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In Greek mythology, a huntress who would marry only someone who could beat her in a foot race. She was beaten when a suitor threw down three golden apples which she stopped to pick up.
Athens

Athens  

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The capital of Greece, originally a flourishing city state of ancient Greece, which was an important cultural centre in the 5th century bc.Athens of America Boston.Athens of the North Edinburgh.
Balkan mythology

Balkan mythology  

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Religion
In what are the present-day Balkans, ancient Slavic migrants encountered and at least partly assimilated Albanian-speaking Indo-Europeans, whose linguistic and cultural ancestors are possibly the ...

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