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Arts and Crafts Movement

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Adelsnäs

Adelsnäs  

Östergötland, Sweden, on an isthmus in Lake Bysjön, mentioned from the 16th century, became the country's only baroni (barony) established in 1783 by King Gustav III. From 1764 it was ...
Adolf Loos

Adolf Loos  

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(1870–1933)Austrian architect, whose rejection of all ornament, curves, and decorative features had a profound influence on a generation of architects. He was not, however, himself a successful ...
Aemilia Ars

Aemilia Ars  

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Workshop founded in Bologna in 1898 by the architect Alfonso Rubbiani (1848–1913), modelled on the English Arts and crafts movement; its formal name was Società Cooperativa Aemilia Ars. At first ...
Aesthetic Movement

Aesthetic Movement  

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Term designating late-nineteenth-century enthusiasm for opulent arts and handcrafts, especially within a domestic context. Advocating beauty as a touchstone for every aspect of life, it grew from the ...
Akseli Gallen-Kallela

Akseli Gallen-Kallela  

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(b Pori, 26 Apr. 1865; d Stockholm, 7 Mar. 1931).Finnish painter, graphic artist, designer, and architect. A major figure in the Art Nouveau and Symbolist movements, Gallen-Kallela travelled widely ...
Ambrose Heal

Ambrose Heal  

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(1872–1959)A leading figure in the development of Heal's as a leading London store for the retailing of modern furniture, furnishings, and equipment for the home, Ambrose Heal was firmly committed to ...
American Arts and Crafts Movement

American Arts and Crafts Movement  

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A decorative style popular in late 19th- and early 20th-century America, which had its origins in the earlier British Arts and Crafts Movement and the ideas and writings of art critic John Ruskin ...
André Vera

André Vera  

(1881–1971), French garden designer whose modernist principles were strongly influenced by the classical French garden.His designs are crisply rectilinear with geometric shapes, much use of simple ...
Antoni Gaudí

Antoni Gaudí  

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(1852–1926)Antoni Gaudí attracted considerable attention for his highly original and distinctive contributions to architecture in design in late 19th‐ and early 20th‐century Spain. For the most part ...
arbour

arbour  

A leafy sitting place or retreat, with ornamental plants trained over a framework; a very ancient garden feature. The word bower has similar connotations. An Egyptian tomb painting of the ...
Architectural Review

Architectural Review  

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(1896– )Originally a periodical largely concerned with the aesthetics of British Arts and Crafts architecture, the London‐based Architectural Review (AR) later became a significant vehicle for the ...
Arnold Bidlake Mitchell

Arnold Bidlake Mitchell  

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(1864–1944).Gifted English Arts-and-Crafts architect. He began practice in 1886, specializing in parish-halls, houses, and schools. His best works include St Felix School, Southwold, Suffolk (1902), ...
Art et Décoration

Art et Décoration  

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(1897–1939)With an outlook and layout similar to the British magazine the Studio this leading French periodical was edited by Thiébault‐Sisson and published by the Librairie Centrale des Beaux‐Arts ...
art Nouveau

art Nouveau  

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A style of decorative art, architecture, and design prominent in western Europe and the US from about 1890 until the First World War and characterized by intricate linear designs and flowing curves ...
Arthur F. Mathews

Arthur F. Mathews  

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(b Markesan, WI, 1 Oct 1860; d San Francisco, CA, 19 Feb 1945).American painter, designer and teacher. His early career was dominated by work at the California School of ...
Arthur Heygate Mackmurdo

Arthur Heygate Mackmurdo  

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(1851–1942).London-born architect and designer. His first work was influenced by Norman Shaw but he also drew on Italian Renaissance, Queen Anne, and Wrenaissance styles. He founded the Century ...
Arthur Randall Wells

Arthur Randall Wells  

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(1877–1942).English Arts-and-Crafts architect. As Clerk of Works for Lethaby's Church of All Saints, Brockhampton, Herefordshire (1902), he absorbed much of the elder man's style, as is clear from ...
Arthur Wesley Dow

Arthur Wesley Dow  

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(1857–1922).Painter, printmaker, photographer, and educator. Through his book Composition (1899) and his systematic teaching methods, he encouraged individual expression within an aesthetic of ...
Artists' colonies

Artists' colonies  

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Rural or small-town locations where artists congregate in search of agreeable and stimulating companionship in pleasant surroundings. Often these places have been summer retreats, but some developed ...
Arts and Crafts Exhibition Society

Arts and Crafts Exhibition Society  

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(established 1888)For about twenty years the Society was an important advocate for the ideals of the Arts and Crafts Movement in Britain, having been formed at a time when theoretical debates about ...

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