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A. J. Muste

A. J. Muste  

(1885–1967), minister, labor organizer, antiwar activist.Born in the Netherlands, Muste studied at theological seminaries in the United States and became a minister in the Dutch Reformed Church ...
appeasement

appeasement  

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Overview Page
A policy of giving in to hostile demands of another nation to avoid war, primarily associated with British and increasingly also with French foreign policy between the two World Wars. From 1933 to ...
arms control

arms control  

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N. international disarmament or arms limitation, especially by mutual consent.
Balance of Power and Peace

Balance of Power and Peace  

The balance of power is one of the more venerable terms in the history of international politics. Although there are various uses of the term “balance of power,” ranging from ...
civil Defense

civil Defense  

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The organization and training of civilians for the protection of lives and property during and after attacks in wartime.
Clark McAdams Clifford

Clark McAdams Clifford  

(b. Fort Scott, Kansas, 25 Dec. 1906; d. Bethesda, Maryland, 10 October 1998)US; Special Counsel to the President 1946–50, Secretary for Defense 1968–9 A St Louis lawyer, Clifford became assistant to ...
Cold War

Cold War  

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History
The antagonism between the USA and USSR lasting from the late 1940s until the late 1980s, ‘cold’ because it was waged through diplomatic and ideological means rather than force. Britain was allied to ...
Correlates of War

Correlates of War  

Research project, established in 1963 by J. David Singer, which sought to examine the incidence and extent of armed conflict in the post‐Napoleonic period (1816 to the present). The data collected ...
Cuban Missile Crisis

Cuban Missile Crisis  

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An international crisis in October 1962, the closest approach to nuclear war at any time between the US and the USSR. When the US discovered Soviet nuclear missiles on Cuba, President John F. Kennedy ...
democratic peace

democratic peace  

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The idea that democratic or republican states are more peaceful in their external relations and never (or almost never) fight each other. Modern democratic peace theory (DPT) builds on a ...
deterrence

deterrence  

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N.the prevention from action by fear of the consequences. Deterrence is a state of mind brought about by the existence of a credible threat of unacceptable counteraction.
East–West relations

East–West relations  

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History
The relationship existing from the end of World War II between the USA and its allies on one side (the West) and the former Soviet Union and its allies on the other (the East). After the war the USA ...
extended phenotype

extended phenotype  

The concept, advanced by British evolutionary biologist Richard Dawkins in his 1982 book of the same title, that the phenotype of an organism extends beyond its body to encompass the organism's ...
George F. Kennan

George F. Kennan  

(1904–2005) diplomat, historian, and foreign policy critic, born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Kennan was the chief architect of America's Cold War strategy of containment. As director of the policy ...
Hague Peace Conferences

Hague Peace Conferences  

Two international conferences held at The Hague, Netherlands. The first was initiated by Czar Nicholas II of Russia to discuss arms limitations for the first time in history at an ...
Henry Kissinger

Henry Kissinger  

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History
(1923–) U.S. statesman, born in Fürth, Germany. Kissinger served as national security advisor (1969–75) and secretary of state (1973–77). During his tenure (the administrations of Presidents Richard ...
INF Treaty

INF Treaty  

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(1987).Signed by U.S. president Ronald Reagan and Soviet general secretary Mikhail Gorbachev on 7 December 1987, the treaty on the elimination of U.S. and Soviet intermediate‐ and shorter‐range ...
Labor and War

Labor and War  

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The relationship between the paid labor force (union and nonunion workers) and the government at war is twofold. First, any country engaged in hostilities needs the ability to employ an ...
Lewis Fry Richardson

Lewis Fry Richardson  

(1881–1953) British meteorologist and physicistRichardson, the son of a farmer, was born in Newcastle-upon-Tyne and educated at Durham College and Cambridge University, graduating in 1903. In 1913 he ...
Limited Test Ban Treaty

Limited Test Ban Treaty  

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(1963) prohibits all but underground nuclear weapons tests.It has been joined by most countries of the world.Support for a treaty to ban nuclear weapons tests ballooned in 1954 ...

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