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Billy Mitchell

Billy Mitchell  

(1879–1936) army air service officer, born William Lendrum Mitchell in Nice, France. Mitchell was one of the outstanding combat air officers of World War I, commanding the largest concentration of ...
campaign in German East Africa

campaign in German East Africa  

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(1914–18).In 1914 Germany possessed four colonies in sub-Saharan Africa: Togoland, Cameroons, South-West Africa (now Namibia), and East Africa (now Tanzania). The fight for the fourth of these has ...
Gen Paul Emil von Lettow-Vorbeck

Gen Paul Emil von Lettow-Vorbeck  

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(1870–1964),commander of German military forces in the campaign in German East Africa during WW I. Although he never had more than 3,000 German and 11,000 African troops (Askaris) under ...
Italian front (WW I)

Italian front (WW I)  

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If it were not for Hemingway's novel A Farewell to Arms, few English-speakers would know, or care very much, about the Italian contribution to WW I. This is unfortunate, because ...
Maxime Weygand

Maxime Weygand  

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(1867–1965)French general. He was Foch's chief of staff in World War I, and in 1920 was sent by the French government to aid the Poles in their ultimately successful defence against the advancing ...
memorials

memorials  

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Memorials have been a feature of the commemoration of war since early recorded history. They were once largely triumphalist. The pharaoh Tuthmosis III (1479–1425 bc) erected two obelisks to proclaim ...
Meuse-Argonne offensive

Meuse-Argonne offensive  

(1918) a forty-seven-day campaign in 1918 that was the last, decisive, and costliest one for Gen. John J. Pershing's army. As part of the massive Allied offensive that ended World ...
North Russia intervention force

North Russia intervention force  

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(1918–19),international US, British, French, and Canadian force of all three services inserted into north Russia through Archangel and Murmansk as part of the muddled and unsuccessful intervention in ...
Paul von Hindenburg

Paul von Hindenburg  

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(1847–1934)German general and statesman. He fought at the Battle of Königgratz (Sadowa) and in the Franco-Prussian War (1870–71) and retired in 1911. He was recalled to active service at the outbreak ...
portrayal of war in film

portrayal of war in film  

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Films have come to dominate or reflect popular moods and war has become one of the easiest ways to dramatize individual heroism or a love story, whether through the fictional ...
Sir John Monash

Sir John Monash  

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(1865–1931),an Australian of German-Jewish parentage, an active and proficient citizen-soldier before 1914, and a highly successful engineer in civil life. He commanded the 4th Brigade at Gallipoli ...
troopship

troopship  

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N. a ship designed or used for transporting troops.
truce

truce  

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N. an agreement between enemies or opponents to stop fighting or arguing for a certain time: the guerrillas called a three-day truce.truceless adj.n. an agreement between enemies or ...
Unknown Soldier

Unknown Soldier  

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An unidentified representative member of a country's armed forces killed in war, given burial with special honors in a national memorial.
veterans

veterans  

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N.1 a person who has had long experience in a particular field, especially military service: a veteran of two world wars.2 an ex-serviceman or -servicewoman.
Veterans Day

Veterans Day  

(in the United States) a public holiday held on the anniversary of the end of World War I (November 11) to honor U.S. veterans and victims of all wars. It replaced Armistice Day in 1954.[...]
War Industries Board

War Industries Board  

A committee created before World War I whose task was to help mobilize the American economy for possible war. It began in 1916 as the Council on National Defense, a ...
William Riddell Birdwood

William Riddell Birdwood  

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(1865–1951)was appointed commander-in-chief of the Australian and NZ forces in Europe in November 1914, and led them through the Gallipoli campaign and in France. He was involved in the ...

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