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arithmetic

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abacus schools

abacus schools  

From the late thirteenth century onwards, many towns and guilds paid an ‘abacus master’ to teach mathematics to a given number of boys who intended to engage in commerce or ...
algebra

algebra  

The area of mathematics related to the general properties of arithmetic. Relationships can be summarized by using variables, usually denoted by letters x, y, n,… to stand for unknown quantities, ...
arithmetic

arithmetic   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
80 words

Calculations and reckoning using numbers and operations such as addition, subtraction, multiplication and division. The study of arithmetic traditionally involves

arithmetic

arithmetic   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
431 words

In universities arithmetic, one of the sciences of the quadrivium (see liberal arts), was taught from the treatise of Nicomachus of Gerasa (...

arithmetic

arithmetic   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

the branch of mathematics dealing with the properties and manipulation of numbers. The term comes (in Middle English, via Old French and Latin) from Greek ...

arithmetic, foundations of

arithmetic, foundations of   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Philosophy (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
670 words

Arithmetic is the study of the natural numbers—0, 1, 2, 3, and so on. A foundation for arithmetic can serve

Donato Acciaiuoli

Donato Acciaiuoli  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1429–78),Florentine scholar and statesman, a scion of the Acciaiuoli family. He studied Greek with John Argyropoulos and with his assistance wrote commentaries on Aristotle's Ethics and Politics. He ...
geometry

geometry  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
The branch of mathematics concerned with the properties and relations of points, lines, surfaces, solids, and higher dimensional analogues; in the Middle Ages, one of the subjects of the quadrivium.
John Napier

John Napier  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1550–1617).Mathematician. Napier invented logarithms, greatly simplifying calculations involving multiplying and dividing. As Kepler put it, he doubled the life of astronomers (by halving the time ...
liberal arts

liberal arts  

Reference type:
Overview Page
In the context of Renaissance art, a term applied to pursuits that were considered primarily as exercises of the mind rather than of practical skill and craftsmanship. The concept of a distinction ...
mathematics

mathematics  

Thanks to Boethius and Cassiodorus, arithmetic and geometry were part of the quadrivium together with astronomy and music. Bede developed a veritable science of computus, primarily to resolve the ...
Simon Stevin

Simon Stevin  

(1548–1620)Flemish engineer and mathematician, the author of a popular pamphlet that explained decimal fractions simply and was influential in bringing about their everyday use, replacing sexagesimal ...

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