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archaeology

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Aboriginal history

Aboriginal history  

Refers to the history of indigenous (Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander) peoples in Australia, and is frequently used as a shorthand for one aspect of that history, their interactions with ...
Adolph Francis Alphonse Bandelier

Adolph Francis Alphonse Bandelier  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Historian, ethnologist, and archaeologist, was a primary force in the early ethnology and archaeology of the American Southwest, Mexico, and Peru. Born in Switzerland of upper-middle-class parents, ...
A.H.L. Fox Pitt-rivers

A.H.L. Fox Pitt-rivers  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
Was born in Yorkshire, England, in 1827 and brought up in London. In 1845 he was commissioned into the army and became a specialist in musketry instruction and the history ...
Alfonso I of Asturias

Alfonso I of Asturias  

(died 757)King of the Asturias (739–757), son of Peter, Visigothic duke of Cantabria, and son-in-law of the semi-legendary Pelayo who by the victory of Covadonga (722) put an end ...
Alfred Kidder

Alfred Kidder  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
Alfred Vincent Kidder (1885–1963) received his Ph.D. in Anthropology from Harvard University in 1914. His field career began in the Southwest in 1907 with the School of American Research and ...
Anasazi

Anasazi  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[CP]A regional cultural grouping of peoples living along the Arizona–Utah borderlands of the USA, emerging within the Basketmaker Phase defined in the prehistory of the southwestern part of North ...
Anatolia

Anatolia  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
The Greek‐derived (from anatolē, ‘sunrise’) equivalent of Roman Asia Minor and modern Turkey, between the Aegean and the Euphrates.
ancestor worship

ancestor worship  

The real or supposed ancestors of the Hebrews were venerated and were felt to be so close that their descendants even continued to suffer for their sins (Exod. 20: 5). Not surprisingly it would seem ...
Ancient Rome

Ancient Rome  

Ancient Rome continued to be a major reference point for the culture of the Enlightenment, due notably to the central role played by Latin. There was a gradual decline in ...
ancients and moderns

ancients and moderns  

Medieval readers and writers were strongly aware of their relationship to the past. They viewed classical learning as their inheritance and assumed the responsibility of safeguarding and transmitting ...
animal finds in the east and west

animal finds in the east and west  

Archaeozoology reveals both sacred and secular human-animal relationships, adding scientific evidence to written and pictorial sources. Most finds represent opportunistic exploitation of cattle, ...
Animal Husbandry

Animal Husbandry  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
Concerned not only with ‘domestic animals,’ but also bees and silkworms. Throughout the MA, animals for the most part were allowed to wander free; thus horses, for example, were often ...
Antioch

Antioch  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A city in southern Turkey which was the ancient capital of Syria under the Seleucid kings, who founded it c.300 bc.
Aphrodisias

Aphrodisias  

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Overview Page
Was a Carian city, probably established in the 2nd cent. bc as the political centre of communities honouring a mother‐goddess, called Aphrodite perhaps from the 3rd cent. and later identified with ...
archaeology, classical

archaeology, classical  

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Overview Page
The study of the material culture of ancient Greece and Rome. Epigraphy, the study of inscriptions on permanent materials, is today seen as a branch of historical rather than of archaeological ...
Archaeology of Gender

Archaeology of Gender  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
The archaeology of gender is a general term that refers to an interest in the activities, the relative positions of autonomy and power, and the symbolic meanings attached to males ...
Arthur Evans

Arthur Evans  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
Arthur John Evans (1851–1941) was the son of John Evans, a paper manufacturer and highly respected archaeologist. He inherited his love of the past from his father, using his microscopic ...
Artistic Restitution

Artistic Restitution  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Since the mid-twentieth century an increasing number of claims have been made by individuals, indigenous groups, newly independent countries, nongovernment organizations, and international bodies for ...
Arugot, Naḥal

Arugot, Naḥal  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Cutting through the Judean Desert, Naḥal Arugot flows southeast from the Judean Mountains to the Dead Sea, from about 1000 meters above sea level to 400 meters below sea level. ...
Austen Henry Layard

Austen Henry Layard  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
Austen Henry Layard (1817–1894) was born in London and trained as a lawyer. In 1839, he and a fellow lawyer, Edward Mitford, set out to ride from England to Ceylon. ...

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