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Anurādhapura

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Abhayagiri

Abhayagiri  

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Overview Page
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Religion
A major ancient monastic complex in Anurādhapura.Sri Lanka.also known as Uttaravihāra. Founded by King Vaṭṭagāmaṇi Abhaya in the 1st century bce it consisted of a monastery (vihāra) and a stūpa.but ...
Bodhāhārakula

Bodhāhārakula  

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Overview Page
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Religion
(Pāli).Name given to the descendants of the eight families who brought the branch of the original Bodhi Tree to Sri Lanka and were entrusted, each having an official function, with the ceremonies in ...
Buddhadatta

Buddhadatta  

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Religion
Scholar and commentator who lived in Uragapura in Kāñcī.after having studied at the Mahāvihāra in Anurādhapura. Among his works are the Vinaya-Vinicchaya, the Uttara-Vinicchaya, the ...
CariyāpiṠaka

CariyāpiṠaka  

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Religion
One of the fifteen books of the Khuddaka Nikāya of the Pāli Canon. The work contains tales in verse of the Buddha's previous births which match the corresponding Jātaka stories in prose, and ...
Cetiyapabbata

Cetiyapabbata  

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Religion
‘Shrine Mountain’. Mountain near Anurādhapura in Sri Lanka.also known as Missakapabbata and Cetiyagiri. It derives its name from the number of religious sites that came to be built there. It is said ...
Devānaṃpiya Tissa

Devānaṃpiya Tissa  

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Religion
(247–207 bce).King of Sri Lanka. His original name was simply Tissa. Considering the coronation ritual he had undergone not to be sufficient, he sent an embassy to Emperor Aśoka of India who sent him ...
Indus civilization

Indus civilization  

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Archaeology
A highly developed urban civilization in the lower valley of the River Indus, in South Asia, which flourished from about 2500 to 1500 bc. Archaeological excavation, which began in the 1920s, is still ...
Jetavana

Jetavana  

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Religion
1 A park in Śrāvastī in which the lay disciple Anāthapiṇḍika constructed a residence for the Buddha and the monks. It was a favourite place of the Buddha's, and he spent nineteen rain-retreats ...
Mahā-thūpa

Mahā-thūpa  

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Religion
(Pāli). The Great Stūpa at Anurādhapura in Sri Lanka which has been a centre for pilgrimage down the centuries. It was constructed by King Duṭṭhagāmaṇi Abhaya after his victory of the Tamils, ...
Mahāvihāra

Mahāvihāra  

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Religion
(Pāli). Literally ‘Great monastery’. For many centuries a monastery (vihāra) that was the main seat of the ancestral branch for present-day Theravāda Buddhism in Sri Lanka. It was founded by King ...
Mihintale

Mihintale  

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Religion
Town 7 Miles north-east of Anurādhapura.Sri Lanka. Its great spiritual importance to the Buddhists of the island is due to the fact that it is here that Mahinda, son of Emperor Aśoka, met King ...
Poson

Poson  

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Religion
Festival celebrated in Sri Lanka on the full moon of June. It commemorates the first arrival of Buddhism in the island following the conversion of King Devānampiya Tissa by Mahinda, the monk son of ...
Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka  

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Music
Sri Lanka's 20-year-old civil war has ended, but many of the underlying problems remainOne-sixth of Sri Lanka consists of the Central Highlands in the south-centre. From these highlands a series of ...
Thūpārāma

Thūpārāma  

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Religion
Name of a monastery (vihāra) erected by Devānampiya Tissa (247–207 bce) in his capital Anurādhapura. According to legend, the spot was consecrated by the Buddha who sat there in meditation like ...
Thūpavaṃsa

Thūpavaṃsa  

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Religion
‘Chronicle of the Thūpas’ (Skt., stūpa), a Pāli poem in sixteen chapters often attributed to Vācissara (12th century), but the authorship of which is uncertain. The last eight chapters of the work ...
tooth relic

tooth relic  

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Religion
Sacred relic of Gautama Buddha preserved in Kandy.Sri Lanka. According to legend it was brought to the island in the 4th century ce hidden in the hair of a princess. At first it was preserved in ...
VaṠṠagāmaṇi Abhaya

VaṠṠagāmaṇi Abhaya  

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Religion
King of Sri Lanka.he lost his kingdom to the Indian Tamils in 43 bce, the first year of his reign, but was later restored to the throne from 29 to 17 bce. Upon his restoration he founded the ...
Vijayabāhu

Vijayabāhu  

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Religion
Name taken by six Sri Lankan kings from the 11th to the 15th centuries. The greatest of these was Vijayabāhu I (1059–1114), who later took the name Sirisaṇghabodhi. In the early part of his reign he ...

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