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Acts of the Apostles

Acts of the Apostles  

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Religion
A New Testament book immediately following the Gospels and relating the history of the early Church, and in particular the missionary journeys of St Paul and others.
Adelard of Bath

Adelard of Bath  

(c.1070–c.1145)English Benedictine remembered as a conduit for the introduction of Arabic astronomy and philosophy to the West.
Aetius

Aetius  

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(d. c.366), sophist. He was a dialectician at Alexandria and was made a bishop by the Arians. He and his followers (Anomoeans) asserted that the Son, being begotten, was in essence unlike the Father, ...
Aleppo

Aleppo  

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An ancient city in northern Syria, which was formerly an important commercial centre on the trade route between the Mediterranean and the countries of the East.
Alexandria

Alexandria  

The chief port and second‐largest city of Egypt, on the Mediterranean coast, northwest of Cairo. Founded in 332 bc by Alexander the Great, after whom it is named, it became a major centre of ...
Alexandria ‘near Issus’

Alexandria ‘near Issus’  

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Close to Iskenderun (Alexandretta) on the gulf of Issus, a city founded by Alexander (3) the Great or Seleucus (1) I near the site of the battle (of Issus) where ...
Amalric I

Amalric I  

(᾽Αμερρίγος), king of Jerusalem (1163–74); born 1136, died Jerusalem 11 July 1174.Upon succeeding his brother Baldwin III, Amalric sought a Byz. bride to renew the alliance with Manuel I. ...
Ammianus Marcellinus

Ammianus Marcellinus  

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[Na]One of the last great Roman historians. Originally from Antioch, born c.ad 330, he served in the army and settled in Rome c.ad 378. His History, written in Latin for a Roman audience, spanned the ...
Anastasius I

Anastasius I  

(d. 598), Patr. of Antioch 559–70 and 593–8. A critic of Justinian I's aphthartodocetism, he was deposed by Justinian II and spent 23 years in exile. A key figure in the dogmatic discussions of the ...
Anatolius

Anatolius  

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(c.400–458), Patr. of Constantinople. A native of Alexandria, he was sent by St Cyril to Constantinople and elected bishop when Flavian was deposed in 449. Pope Leo I demanded that he should condemn ...
Antiochene theology

Antiochene theology  

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A modern designation for a style of theology associated with the Church at Antioch, contrasted with Alexandrine theology. In scriptural exegesis it placed more emphasis on the literal and historical ...
Antiochus I Soter

Antiochus I Soter  

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(c.324–261bc), eldest son of Seleucus I and the Bactrian Apame, crown prince (mār šarri) in Babylonia before he became co-regent with Seleucus I (292–281/0); then held responsibility for the ‘Upper ...
Antiochus V (Eupator)

Antiochus V (Eupator)  

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(c. 164–162 bc),infant, son of Antiochus (4) IV, reigned less than two years through the regent Lysias, and was put to death in Antioch (1) when Demetrius (10) I ...
Antiochus VII (Sidetes)

Antiochus VII (Sidetes)  

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(c. 159–129 bc)second son of Demetrius (10) I, succeeded his brother Demetrius (11) II, who had become a prisoner in Parthia (130). Able and dynamic, he quickly defeated and ...
Apostle

Apostle  

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From the Greek apostolos, meaning one who is sent and enjoys the authority of the agent who instructs him. There was already a Jewish functionary, called a shaliach, who was trusted with the ...
Apostolic Canons

Apostolic Canons  

A series of 85 canons attributed to the Apostles; they form the concluding chapter of the ‘Apostolic Constitutions’. They mostly deal with the responsibilities and moral conduct of the clergy. The ...
Apostolic Council

Apostolic Council  

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The Council of Jerusalem described in Acts 15 is sometimes called the Apostolic Council though it was presided over by James, brother of the Lord and not himself one of the Twelve. The account in ...
Arabic christian literature

Arabic christian literature  

Each province of the Byzantine Empire conquered by the Muslims at the end of the 7th c. kept (as today) a more or less numerous Christian community, with its own ...
Arianism

Arianism  

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Religion
In Christian theology, the main heresy denying the divinity of Christ, originating with the Alexandrian priest Arius (c. 250–c. 336). Arianism maintained that the son of God was created by the Father ...
Arius

Arius  

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(d. 336), heresiarch. Probably born in Libya between c.260 and 280, he was ordained in Alexandria and put in charge of one of the main churches there. About 319 he came forward as a champion of ...

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