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anthropometry

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ACH index

ACH index  

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Arm, chest, hip index. A method of assessing nutritional status by measuring the arm circumference, chest diameter, and hip width. See also anthropometry.
anterior-posterior chest depth

anterior-posterior chest depth  

In anthropometry, the depth of the chest at the mesosternale level (an anatomical landmark on the sternum).
base

base  

A compound that reacts with an acid to give water (and a salt). A base that dissolves in water to produce hydroxide ions is called an alkali. For example, ammonia reacts as follows:NH3 + H2O ⇌ NH4 + ...
craniometry

craniometry  

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n. the science of measuring the differences in size and shape of skulls.
cristal height

cristal height  

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A measure of leg length taken from the floor to the summit of the iliac crest. As a proportion of height it increases with age in children, and a reduced rate of increase indicates undernutrition. ...
Douglas Grant

Douglas Grant  

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(?1885–4 December 1951).From the Bellenden Ker Ranges, Queensland, Grant, an Aborigine, was adopted as an infant by a White couple after his parents were killed, possibly in a police ...
hand length

hand length  

In anthropometry, the difference between the stylion height and the dactylion height.
landmark

landmark  

A specific point on the human body from which measurements are taken. See also anthropometry.land mark
mid-upper-arm circumference

mid-upper-arm circumference  

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(MUAC)A rapid way of assessing nutritional status, especially applicable to children. See also anthropometry.
nutritional status

nutritional status  

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The condition of the body in those respects influenced by the diet; the levels of nutrients in the body and the ability of those levels to maintain normal metabolic integrity.For adults, general ...
physical anthropology

physical anthropology  

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The branch of anthropology devoted to the study of physical and biological characteristics of humans, especially genetic traits, as opposed to cultural or social attributes. Compare cultural ...
skinfold thickness

skinfold thickness  

Index of subcutaneous fat and hence body fat content. Measured at four sites: biceps (midpoint of front upper arm), triceps (midpoint of back upper arm), subscapular (directly below point of shoulder ...
stunting

stunting  

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Reduction in the linear growth of children, leading to lower than expected height for age, generally resulting in lifelong short stature. A common effect of protein-energy malnutrition, and ...
Tanner standard

Tanner standard  

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Tables of height and weight for age used as reference values for the assessment of growth and nutritional status in children, based on data collected in England in the 1960s. Now largely replaced by ...
weight for age

weight for age  

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An index of the adequacy of the child's nutrition to support growth. Standard weight for age is the 50th centile of the weight for age curves of well fed children. See also anthropometry; NCHS ...
weight for height

weight for height  

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For children, can be used as an alternative to weight for age as an index of nutritional adequacy; for adults it is the only acceptable way of expressing weight relative to ideal or desirable weight. ...
wetzel grid

wetzel grid  

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Children are grouped by physique into five groups, ranging from tall and thin to short and thick-set. A healthy child will grow, as measured by height and weight, along one of these channels at a ...

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