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Antarctica

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Adrien Victor Joseph de Gerlache de Gomery

Adrien Victor Joseph de Gerlache de Gomery  

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Overview Page
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History
(1866–1934),Belgian Antarctic explorer. Born in Hasselt to a noble family on August 2, 1866, de Gerlache was attracted at an early age to adventure and marine life. He started ...
Antarctic Circle

Antarctic Circle  

The area of land and sea that lies south of latitude 66°S, around Antarctica.
Antarctic Circumpolar Current

Antarctic Circumpolar Current  

The largest and most important ocean current in the southern hemisphere. It flows in an eastward direction around Antarctica, and occupies a wide tract of water in the South Pacific, South Atlantic, ...
Antarctic Convergence

Antarctic Convergence  

A line of convergence in the ocean surrounding Antarctica between latitudes 50° S and 60° S, where cold surface water from Antarctica (Antarctic Surface Water) sinks below warmer, less saline water ...
Antarctic ozone hole

Antarctic ozone hole  

The seasonal depletion of ozone over much of Antarctica. See also ozone hole.
Antarctic realm

Antarctic realm  

A biogeographical realm in the southern hemisphere, which contains a variety of ecosystems from temperate forest and grassland in New Zealand to tundra and ice sheets in Antarctica.
Antarctic Treaty

Antarctic Treaty  

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Overview Page
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Law
An international treaty that is designed to preserve the unique environment of Antarctica by limiting development there. It was signed in 1959 by the seven countries (Norway, France, Australia, New ...
Apsley Cherry-Garrard

Apsley Cherry-Garrard  

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Literature
(1886–1959)Antarctic explorer, born in Bedford, heir to two landed English families and son of a major‐general. He was educated at Winchester College and Oxford University. In 1910 he accompanied ...
Arctic

Arctic  

The area lying above 66.5° North that is dominated by the Arctic Ocean but also includes large land areas in Canada, Russia, Greenland, Scandinavia, Iceland, and Alaska. Some of the land areas, ...
Belgica

Belgica  

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History
(1884–1940), three-rigged barque. Length: 34.6 m. Molded breadth: 7.158 m. Extreme breadth: 7.540 m. Depth: 4.090 m. Mean draft on ballast: 2.743 m. Full-load draft: 3.962 m. Light displacement: 338 ...
Benguela current

Benguela current  

The eastern boundary current of the South Atlantic subtropical gyre, which begins as a northward flow off the Cape of Good Hope, then skirting the western African coast equatorwards until around ...
British Antarctic Territory

British Antarctic Territory  

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British colony in Antarctica, comprising the mainland and islands within a triangular area bounded by latitude 60°S and longitudes 20° and 80°W. It includes the South Shetland Islands, South Orkney ...
carbon dioxide

carbon dioxide  

A colourless, odourless gas which is the fourth most abundant component of the air in the homosphere, amounting to about 0.035 per cent by volume. It is released by volcanoes, part of the source ...
Charles Wilkes

Charles Wilkes  

(1798–1877),American naval explorer and Antarctic explorer of English parentage. After three years in the merchant marine, he joined the US Navy as a midshipman in 1818, studied under Ferdinand ...
cold climate

cold climate  

A climate that has temperatures of 10° to 20°C for up to four months a year, and is cooler over the rest of the year, as found in places like the Arctic and Antarctica. The two biomes associated with ...
continent

continent  

One of the seven major land areas on the Earth, which are North America, South America, Europe, Africa, Asia, Australia, and Antarctica.
cryosphere

cryosphere  

That part of the Earth where the surface is frozen, comprising the area covered by ice sheets and glaciers, permafrost regions, and sea areas covered by ice, at least in winter.
Douglas Mawson

Douglas Mawson  

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Literature
(1882–1958),geologist and Australia's most famous Antarctic explorer. Mawson's name is synonymous with “Home of the Blizzard,” as his 1911–1914 Antarctic expedition hut at one of earth's windiest ...
Endurance

Endurance  

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History
Barquentine that was one of the two vessels of Sir Ernest Shackleton’s Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition of 1914–1917. Length/beam: 44 m × 7.5 m (144′ × 25′). Tonnage: 350 gross registered ...
Ernest Shackleton

Ernest Shackleton  

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Overview Page
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History
(1874–1922),Antarctic explorer whose family motto was “By endurance we conquer” and who became famous for delivering his men to safety after his ship was crushed by the Antarctic ice ...

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