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Africa

Africa  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Petrarch's Latin epic in classical hexa-meters which he began in 1338–41 but never completed, books 4 and 9 still showing many lacunae. Only the thirty-four lines of the lament of ...
Aragon

Aragon  

An autonomous region of NE Spain, bounded on the north by the Pyrenees and on the east by Catalonia and Valencia; capital, Saragossa. Formerly an independent kingdom, which was conquered in the 5th ...
Barbato da Sulmona

Barbato da Sulmona  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(c. 1300–63).Early humanist and chancellor to Robert of Anjou in Naples. He was a friend of Petrarch, who dedicated his collection of Latin verse letters to him, and also of Boccaccio. Some of his ...
Barthélemy d' Eyck

Barthélemy d' Eyck  

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(active c. 1440–c. 1469).Netherlandish painter, illuminator, and designer, active in France. Documented in Aix-en-Provence in 1444 with the painter Enguerrand Quarton, by 1447 he was painter and ...
Blacks and Whites

Blacks and Whites  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Although the names Neri and Bianchi probably originated in Pistoia, they are most commonly used to refer to the two factions within the Florentine Guelf party, which emerged in 1300 ...
Boccaccio

Boccaccio  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(1313–75),Italian writer, poet, and humanist. He is most famous for the Decameron (1348–58), a collection of a hundred tales told by ten young people who have moved to the country to escape the Black ...
Cecco d'Ascoli

Cecco d'Ascoli  

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Literature
(?1269–1327),the name by which Francesco degli Stabili, who was born in or near Ascoli Piceno, is commonly known. He was professor of astrology at Bologna until dismissed for heresy ...
chronicles

chronicles  

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A written record of events presented in order of time, and updated regularly over a prolonged period. The chroniclers of the Middle Ages, from the compilers of King Alfred's Anglo-Saxon Chronicle ...
Convenevole Da Prato

Convenevole Da Prato  

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Literature
(d.?1338).Notary who was exiled from Prato, and taught grammar at Carpentras in Provence, where Petrarch was one of his pupils. He later returned to Prato to teach rhetoric and ...
Dionigi Da Borgo San Sepolcro

Dionigi Da Borgo San Sepolcro  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(?1300–42).Humanist friend of Petrarch and Boccaccio. He was an Augustinian monk who studied and taught theology in Paris and then in Avignon, where he met Petrarch in about 1333 ...
French Influences

French Influences  

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Overview Page
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Literature
1. Before 16002. From 16001. Before 16002. From 1600There was extensive interaction between France and Italy throughout the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. Until humanism and Petrarchism ...
Hohenstaufen

Hohenstaufen  

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Literature
A German dynastic family, some of whom ruled as Holy Roman emperors between 1138 and 1254, among them Frederick I (Barbarossa).
Lorraine

Lorraine  

In 1047, the Emperor Henry III entrusted the duchy of Upper Lotharingia to Adalbert, of the Noble family of the Matfrids, former counts of Metz, then next year to his ...
Malta

Malta  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Malta is now a bridge between the EU and North AfricaMalta comprises a small group of islands in the Mediterranean, of which the largest are Malta, Gozo, and Comino. The land is largely low-lying and ...
Naples

Naples  

One of the most important ancient Mediterranean port cities, Naples was already a vibrant cultural and commercial centre centuries before the fall of the Roman Empire. In the 6th century ...
Niccolò Acciaiuoli

Niccolò Acciaiuoli  

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Literature
(1310–65).Statesman at the court of Naples, where he arrived with his father's Florentine bank in 1331. In 1335 Robert of Anjou appointed him guardian of his nephew Luigi di ...
Nicolas Froment

Nicolas Froment  

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(d ?Avignon, 1483/4).French painter. He probably came from northern France, but he worked in Avignon. Two documented works by him survive, both triptychs: The Raising of Lazarus (1461, Uffizi, ...
Sicily

Sicily  

A large triangular island in the Mediterranean Sea, separated from the ‘toe’ of Italy by the narrow Strait of Messina. It forms, with the neighbouring islands of Lipari, Egadi, Ustica, and ...
Sordello

Sordello  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(fl. c.1220–c.1269) Major Italian troubadour composing in Occitan.Admired by Dante, he was active in a number of northern Italian and Provençal courts. In addition to 43 surviving lyrics (mainly ...

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