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Amnesty International

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Appeal of Nobel Peace Prize Laureates

Appeal of Nobel Peace Prize Laureates  

As the number of Nobel Peace Prize winners and Nobel laureates increased in the twentieth century, individual and groups of laureates began the practice of issuing statements or appeals linked ...
Augusto Pinochet

Augusto Pinochet  

(1915–2006)Chilean soldier who overthrew Salvador Allende to become president of Chile (1973–89).Pinochet was born in Chile and educated at the Military Academy School of Infantry, having joined the ...
Center for Justice & Accountability

Center for Justice & Accountability  

The Center for Justice & Accountability (CJA) is a nonprofit human rights law firm based in San Francisco, California. CJA uses litigation in the United States and Spain to hold ...
Chile

Chile  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Chile has set aside the Pinochet years, and now has a stable democracy and a successful economyChile is remarkably narrow: 4,329 kilometres long and on average no more than 180 kilometres wide. From ...
conscience

conscience  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The word now denotes the capacity for judging the rightness of actions, whether in general or in particular. Christians are agreed that it is unique to human beings and that its effectiveness is ...
Darfur

Darfur  

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Overview Page
Darfur is the westernmost state in Sudan. Despite its long and complex history, it has gained international attention only since 2003 when an insurgency emerged in the region, triggering a ...
female genital mutilation

female genital mutilation  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
(FGM)Circumcision of the female genitalia that is not medically necessary. The Female Genital Mutilation Act 2003 makes it a criminal offence for anyone to perform as a principal, or to aid and abet, ...
forensic science

forensic science  

Forensic science is the application of science to law. The science involved can vary widely, including but not limited to chemistry, biology, physics, psychology, anthropology, archaeology, ...
Human Rights First

Human Rights First  

Formerly known as the Lawyers Committee for Human Rights, Human Rights First (HRF) is a nonprofit, nonpartisan human rights organization based in New York City and Washington, D.C. Founded in ...
Human Rights Watch

Human Rights Watch  

The successor to Helsinki Watch, established after the Helsinki Agreements (or Accords) on Security and Cooperation in Europe of 1 August 1975, this non-governmental organization's activities support ...
International Alert

International Alert  

International Alert (also known as Alert or IA) is one of the largest professional global nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) focusing on the causes and response to violent conflict. The ...
International Council on Human Rights Policy

International Council on Human Rights Policy  

During the World Conference on Human Rights, organized by the United Nations in Vienna in 1993 to take stock of human rights developments, a handful of human rights experts and ...
Intervention, Nonviolent

Intervention, Nonviolent  

During the twentieth and twenty-first centuries there have been many types of nonviolent nonmilitary interventions that have brought succor to those suffering as a result of violence or natural ...
intifada

intifada  

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Overview Page
The Palestinian uprising against Israeli occupation of the West Bank and Gaza Strip, beginning in 1987. The word comes from Arabic intifāḍa ‘an uprising’ (literally ‘a jumping up as a reaction to ...
John Humphrey

John Humphrey  

John Peters Humphrey was the first director (1946–1966) of the UN Division of Human Rights (DHR). He provided Secretariat support for the UN Commission on Human Rights (CHR), as well ...
Kenneth Roth

Kenneth Roth  

Kenneth Roth became the executive director of Human Rights Watch (HRW) in 1993 as successor to Aryeh Neier, head of the Soros Foundation's Open Society Institute since 1993. HRW is ...
Kenya

Kenya  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Formerly one of Africa's most stable democracies, Kenya has been shaken by violenceMost of the eastern half of Kenya consists of a broad plateau with scattered hills that slope down to a narrow ...
Kuwait

Kuwait  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Kuwait's hereditary monarchy retains power but faces greater demands for democracyKuwait is a small state at the north of the Persian Gulf between Iraq and Saudi Arabia. It has some oases and a few ...
Latin American Populism

Latin American Populism  

The term “populism” comes from the Latin populus, meaning “the people.” As the word suggests, in broad terms it can be defined as the claim of representing ordinary people. This ...
Martin Ennals

Martin Ennals  

Martin Ennals's main accomplishments were related to Amnesty International (AI), but his pioneering influence goes well beyond this single nongovernmental organization (NGO). In a letter to the ...

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