Overview

amulet

Return to overview »

You are looking at 1-20 of 37 entries

  • Type: Overview Page x
clear all

View:

Acclamations, Apotropaic

Acclamations, Apotropaic  

Words or phrases expressing religious conviction in brief, exclamatory form, often found on Amulets. At first simple utterances of shared religious feeling, such acclamations lent themselves ...
Alexander of Tralles

Alexander of Tralles  

Physician; born Tralles 525, died Rome 605. According to Agathias (Agath. 5:6.3–6), Alexander was one of five prominent sons of a physician named Stephen; most famous of the brothers was ...
anagram

anagram  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A word, phrase, or name formed by rearranging the letters of another, such as spar, formed from rasp. Recorded from the late 16th century, the word comes via French or modern Latin from Greek ana- ...
Armband

Armband  

(usually in plural form ψελ〈λ〉ία, Lat. armillae). The term usually refers to a military ornament, worn by Germanic soldiers on the upper arm. Elsewhere, it is described as armilla gallica ...
Baʿal Shem

Baʿal Shem  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(Heb., ‘master of the divine name’).Title given in ḥasidic and 'kabbalistic literature to those who possess secret knowledge of God's name. See also ISRAEL BEN ELIEZER, who, as a founder of ḥasidism, ...
cameo

cameo  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Small-scale sculpture in which the design stands in relief above the surface. It is the opposite of intaglio. Often, the term refers specifically to a portrait cut in a gemstone; this form was highly ...
Chnoubis

Chnoubis  

(Ξνούβις). The deity or daimon engraved on popular medical gem amulets, the Chnoubis takes the form of a coiled serpent with a lion's head and a nimbus and rays, surrounded ...
Clothing and Personal Adornment

Clothing and Personal Adornment  

In general, clothing of pharaonic Egypt has escaped the close study that was applied to European costume of more recent millennia. This lack is gradually being rectified by textile specialists ...
Codes, Alphabetical

Codes, Alphabetical  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A mode of expounding the Bible by means of various codes in which one Hebrew letter is substituted for another so that a word can have, in addition to its plain meaning, one or more hidden meanings ...
contraception

contraception  

(kon-tră-sep-shŏn)the prevention of unwanted pregnancy. See coitus (interruptus), condom, diaphragm, IUCD, IUS, oral contraceptive, postcoital (contraception), rhythm method, ...
cross

cross  

A variety of crosses appeared regularly in medieval liturgical contexts. Processional and churchyard crosses were standard medieval European church furniture, while archiepiscopal or papal crosses, ...
Demons

Demons  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
As in other ancient Near Eastern and Mediterranean traditions, demons have been part of Jewish thought from a very early period. Biblical and post-biblical writings contain scant but interesting ...
Enkolpion

Enkolpion  

(ἐγκόλπιον, lit. “in” [or “on] the bosom”), an object with Christian imagery, or containing a sacred relic or inscription, worn around the neck. Enkolpia were produced in virtually all materials ...
epithets, divine

epithets, divine  

Reference type:
Overview Page
GreekIt is necessary to distinguish between epithets or surnames appearing only as literary (esp. epic) ornaments and those known to have been used in cult. Thus we have no proof that Athena was ever ...
evil eye

evil eye  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Popular belief that a person can glance or stare at someone else's favorite possession and, if envious of the other person's good fortune, hurt, damage, or destroy it.
Gimatriyyah

Gimatriyyah  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
( from Gr. geōmetria), the calculation of the numerical value of Hebrew words and the search for other words or phrases of equal value. The system was known in Babylonia ...
infertility

infertility  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(in-fer-til-iti)inability of a woman to conceive or of a man to induce conception after regular unprotected sexual intercourse for two years. See also sterility.
intaglio

intaglio  

Reference type:
Overview Page
[Ar]1 The process of cutting a design into the surface of a small hard stone or gem.2 The object so created, usually used as a seal or as a stone to be set in a ring.
Jewelry

Jewelry  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The disapproval by Islamic religious authorities of luxury materials had little effect in restraining the wealthy from adorning themselves with gold, silver and precious stones, but only a small ...
lead

lead  

[Ma]A soft, heavy, silvery‐coloured metal (Pb) with a low melting point that was alloyed with copper and tin to form lead‐bronze for much of later prehistory. In classical times lead was commonly ...

View: