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American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations

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A. Philip Randolph

A. Philip Randolph  

(1889–1979), union head and civil rights leader.A socialist, Asa Philip Randolph saw economic empowerment as the key to African-American advancement, a philosophy he espoused in his Messenger ...
Canadian Labour Congress

Canadian Labour Congress  

(CLC)A trade union emerging in 1956 from a fusion between the Trades and Labor Congress of Canada (est. 1883) and the Canadian Congress of Labour (est. 1940). In 1961, it joined forces with the ...
Confédération des Syndicats Nationaux

Confédération des Syndicats Nationaux  

The major Canadian trade union representing French‐speaking workers. Founded in 1921 as an overtly Catholic, anti‐socialist trade union (Canadian Catholic Federation of Labour), it became ...
Congress of Industrial Organizations.

Congress of Industrial Organizations.  

John L. Lewis of the United Mine Workers (UMW) and other unionists created the Committee for Industrial Organization (CIO) in November 1935, as a means of encouraging industrial unionism within ...
Eugene Victor Debs

Eugene Victor Debs  

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History
(b. 5 Nov. 1855, d. 20 Oct. 1926).US socialist Born at Terre Haute, Indiana, he started work for the US railroad system at 14, and soon became a prominent advocate of labour organization. He became ...
George Meany

George Meany  

(1894–1980), labor leader.Born in New York City, George Meany in 1915 joined the United Association of Plumbers and Steam Fitters, his father's union. In 1922 he attained his first ...
gilded Age

gilded Age  

The period of expansion and reconstruction in the USA after the American Civil War when much new wealth was created. The phrase was coined by Mark Twain and Charles Dudley ...
Haymarket Riot

Haymarket Riot  

(1886)An outbreak of violence in Chicago, USA. A protest at the McCormick Harvester Works culminated in a riot in which 100 people were wounded and several died. Eight anarchists were convicted of ...
Industrial Workers of the World

Industrial Workers of the World  

Created in Chicago in 1905 as a revolutionary industrial union, the iww and its members, nicknamed ‘Wobblies’, organized minorities, immigrants, women, and unskilled workers ignored by conservative ...
John L. Lewis

John L. Lewis  

(b. 12 Feb. 1880, d. 11 June 1969).President of the United Mine Workers of America (UMWA) 1920–60. A son of Welsh miner immigrants born in Lucas, Iowa, he began work as a miner aged 17. In 1901 he ...
Knights of Labor

Knights of Labor  

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History
A US industrial trade union, founded in 1869 at a tailors' meeting in Philadelphia. By 1879 it was organized on a national basis, with membership open to all workers. Its goals were reformist rather ...
labor Movement

labor Movement  

Imprecise term referring to two ideas: first, that workers, especially blue‐collar or manual workers, share common political and economic interests which may be advanced through organized trade union ...
Migratory Agricultural Workers.

Migratory Agricultural Workers.  

Following the Civil War, a migratory labor system of mobile, low-paid workers emerged in the United States to meet the seasonal demands of expanding capitalist agriculture. Growers recruited an ...
“Mother” Jones

“Mother” Jones  

(1830–1930)An activist and advocate of human rights known as “Mother Jones”, she played a major role in helping to reduce and eventually eliminate child labor and inhumane and unhealthy working ...
Progressive Party (1948)

Progressive Party (1948)  

(US) (1912; 1924; 1948) Three US political organizations. In 1912 the first Progressive (the “Bull Moose”) Party, led by the former President Theodore Roosevelt, polled more votes in the presidential ...
Samuel Gompers

Samuel Gompers  

(1850–1924), American labor leader.President of the American Federation of Labor (AFL) for all but one of its first thirty-seven years (1886–1924), Samuel Gompers was a leading supporter of the ...
Socialist Party

Socialist Party  

The Socialist Party of America (SPA) was formally constituted in 1901 by a merger of the Social Democratic Party and a wing of the Socialist Labor Party. It was founded ...
Southern Tenant Farmers' Union and National Farm Labor Union.

Southern Tenant Farmers' Union and National Farm Labor Union.  

Galvanized by a 1934 visit to northeast Arkansas by the socialist leader Norman Thomas, local Socialist party members H.L. Mitchell and Clay East helped found the Southern Tenant Farmers' Union ...
Steel Strike of 1919.

Steel Strike of 1919.  

This strike marked the unsuccessful culmination of efforts to unionize mass-production workers during World War I. War production increased steelworker unrest by worsening already poor working ...
Teamsters' Union

Teamsters' Union  

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Overview Page
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History
Formed in 1903, its full title is International Brotherhood of Teamsters, Chauffeurs, Warehousemen and Helpers in America. In the late 1950s its president, David Beck, was indicted for having links ...

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