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American Civil Liberties Union

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Allegheny County v. Aclu Greater Pittsburgh Chapter

Allegheny County v. Aclu Greater Pittsburgh Chapter  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
492 U.S. 573 (1989), argued 22 Feb. 1989, decided 3 July 1989 by votes of 5 to 4 (to strike) and 6 to 3 (to uphold), Blackmun announced the judgment, O’Connor concurring in part, Brennan and Stevens ...
American Union Against Militarism

American Union Against Militarism  

A pacifist group founded in 1915 and dissolved in 1922. Initially known as the American League for the Limitation of Armaments, the organization changed its name to American Union Against ...
Amicus Brief

Amicus Brief  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
An amicus curiae (“friend of the court”) brief is filed by someone not a party to the case but interested in the legal doctrine to be developed there because of ...
Aryeh Neier

Aryeh Neier  

Since 1993 Aryeh Neier has been president of the Open Society Institute (OSI) within the Soros Foundation Network, a private NGO with headquarters in New York City. OSI supports a ...
Austin v. United States

Austin v. United States  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
509 U.S. 602 (1993), argued 20 Apr. 1993, decided 28 June 1993 by vote of 9 to 0; Blackmun for the Court, Scalia and Kennedy concurring. The use of civil forfeiture to seize the property of ...
Business of the Court

Business of the Court  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
The business of the Supreme Court has changed substantially over its history, both causing and reflecting broad socioeconomic and political changes. Major shifts in the amount and nature of the ...
civil liberties

civil liberties  

One of the fundamental principles of open, free societies, written into constitutions of many nations, civil liberty is the right of citizens to go about their lawful business without intrusive ...
Civil Liberties and War

Civil Liberties and War  

Reference type:
Overview Page
From the outset of the new American government under the Articles of Confederation, the need for striking a delicate balance between authority and liberty was essential. Fear of powerful central ...
draft resistance and evasion

draft resistance and evasion  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Civil disobedience directed at government authorities responsible for administering a system of compulsory military service (draft resistance) and the measures taken to avoid draft registration and ...
Emma Goldman

Emma Goldman  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1869–1940)Anarchist activist, born in Lithuania. She campaigned in the USA for workers' rights, birth control, and other causes. She was deported to Russia in 1919 and in 1931 published her ...
Engel v. Vitale

Engel v. Vitale  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
• 370 U.S. 421 (1962)• Vote: 7–1• For the Court: Black• Concurring: Douglas• Dissenting: Stewart• Not participating: White• 370 U.S. 421 (1962)• Vote: 7–1• For the Court: Black[...]
Felix Frankfurter

Felix Frankfurter  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Felix Frankfurter (1882–1965), a justice of the United States Supreme Court, was born in Vienna, emigrating with his family to the United States in 1894. He excelled academically at the ...
Financing Political Speech

Financing Political Speech  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Prior to 1907, when Congress first prohibited corporate contributions, there were no federal restrictions on the size or source of campaign contributions or expenditures. Although Congress added more ...
Hague v. Congress of Industrial Organizations

Hague v. Congress of Industrial Organizations  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
307 U.S. 496 (1939), argued 27–28 Feb. 1939, decided 5 June 1939 by vote of 5 to 2; Roberts for the Court, Stone and Hughes concurring, McReynolds and Butler in dissent, Frankfurter and Douglas not ...
judicial immunity

judicial immunity  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
The exemption of a judge or magistrate from personal actions for damages arising from the exercise of his judicial office. The immunity is absolute in respect of all words or actions of the judge ...
Lee v. Weisman

Lee v. Weisman  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
505 U.S. 577 (1992), argued 6 Nov. 1991, decided 24 June 1992 by vote of 5 to 4; Kennedy for the Court, Blackmun and Souter concurring, joined by Stevens and O’Connor, Scalia in dissent, joined by ...
Mapp v. Ohio

Mapp v. Ohio  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
In Mapp v. Ohio, the United States Supreme Court held that state courts must exclude from their trials evidence obtained through “unreasonable searches or seizures.” While neither the Fourth nor ...
Near v. Minnesota

Near v. Minnesota  

Reference type:
Overview Page
• 283 U.S. 697 (1931)• Vote: 5–4• For the Court: Hughes• Dissenting: Butler, Van Devanter, Sutherland, and McReynolds• 283 U.S. 697 (1931)• Vote: 5–4• For the Court: Hughes[...]
Peace Movement

Peace Movement  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A loose coalition of organizations that seek nonviolent solutions to disputes causing violent armed conflicts. International public health and WHO are engaged in the peace movement by way of the ...
Romer v. Evans

Romer v. Evans  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
116 S.Ct. 1620 (1996), argued 10 Oct. 1995, decided 20 May 1996 by vote of 6 to 3; Kennedy for the Court, Scalia, Rehnquist, and Thomas in dissent. As more and more gay people came out of the closet ...

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