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Louis Althusser

(1918—1990) French philosopher

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Alain Badiou

Alain Badiou  

(1937– )FrenchMarxist philosopher, novelist and playwright. Born in Rabat, Morocco, Badiou completed high school in Toulouse before moving to Paris for undergraduate studies at the prestigious École ...
apartheid

apartheid  

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The former South African policy of racial segregation of other groups from the white inhabitants. Adopted by the successful Afrikaner National Party as a slogan in the 1948 election, apartheid ...
articulation

articulation  

Is a term used in academic industrial relations to refer to the integration of trade union activity or collective bargaining at industry and local levels of the industrial relations system. For ...
base and superstructure

base and superstructure  

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Karl Marx's metaphor for the relationship between material production and economic relations (the base) and the political, legal, and cultural dimensions of society (the superstructure). Marx's key ...
cognitive map

cognitive map  

A mental representation of a portion of the physical environment and the relative locations of points within it. Cognitive maps are generally distorted by simplifying assumptions and preconceptions: ...
conjuncture

conjuncture  

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A term used by so-called structural Marxists (see Louis Althusser) to refer to the concrete state of political-economic and especially class relations, in a specific society, at a particular point in ...
cultural theory

cultural theory  

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This term has been applied to diverse attempts to conceptualize and understand the dynamics of culture. Historically these have involved arguments about the relationship between culture and nature, ...
decentred structure

decentred structure  

French MarxistLouis Althusser's term for Marx's conception of the social totality as opposed to Hegel's. In Althusser's view, Hegel's structure of the whole is expressive, meaning that each part of ...
dialectical materialism

dialectical materialism  

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Philosophy
The dominant philosophical strain of Marxism, combining materialism as an embracing philosophy of nature and science, with the Hegelian notion of dialectic as a historical force, driving events ...
discourse analysis

discourse analysis  

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Generally refers to approaches to the study of language that examine the conditions of possibility of particular statements and their effects. Discourse analysis, in this sense, situates specific ...
dominant ideology thesis

dominant ideology thesis  

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Proponents of the thesis identify ideology, a term used (in this context) synonymously with concepts such as shared belief systems, ultimate values, and common culture, as the mainstay of social ...
E. P. Thompson

E. P. Thompson  

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Literature
(1924–93)Historian, born in Oxford and educated at Corpus Christi College, Cambridge; for many years (1948–65) an extramural lecturer at Leeds University. His works include an influential study of ...
École Freudienne de Paris

École Freudienne de Paris  

Founded by Jacques Lacan in 1964 after he was expelled from the International Psychoanalytical Association, to train analysts to practise as psychoanalysts. The founding members of the School ...
economic determinism

economic determinism  

The thesis, as advanced by Marx and Engels, that economic factors underlie all of society's decisions. The social relations specific to a particular mode of production are said to structure social ...
Étienne Balibar

Étienne Balibar  

(1942–)French*Marxistphilosopher and social theorist. Born in Bourgogne, Balibar studied at the École Normale Supérieure, where he met Louis Althusser, who became his mentor. Balibar rose to ...
Fredric Jameson

Fredric Jameson  

(1934–)Marxist cultural critic. Born in Cleveland Ohio, Jameson was educated at Haverford College and Yale University. He is renowned for his landmark essay, ‘Postmodernism, or, the Cultural Logic of ...
G. W. F. Hegel

G. W. F. Hegel  

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Philosophy
(1770–1831)German philosopher. He is especially known for his three-stage process of dialectical reasoning (set out in his Science of Logic, 1812–16), which underlies his idealist concepts of ...
Gaston Bachelard

Gaston Bachelard  

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Philosophy
(1884–1962)French philosopher of science, largely self-taught, who from 1940 to 1955 was the professor of history and philosophy of science at the Sorbonne in Paris. Bachelard propounds a view of ...
historicism

historicism  

[Th]A general and increasingly ambiguous term meaning a number of different things to different people. At its heart, however, is the idea that a society and its culture exist mainly in their dynamic ...
history

history  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
History repeats itself comment on circumstances that replicate a previous situation; proverbial saying, mid 19th century. The comment was wryly extended by Rupert Brooke, in a letter of 1906, to ...

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