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al-Qaeda

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Abū Muṣʿab al- Zarqāwī

Abū Muṣʿab al- Zarqāwī  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Abū Muṣʿab al-Zarqāwī (1966–2006)was born Aḥmad Fadeel Nazzal al-Khalaylah in the Jordanian city of Zarqa. From humble origins, Zarqāwī would rise to become one of the world's most infamous jihadists ...
Afghanistan

Afghanistan  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Still a battleground between the Taliban and government and NATO forces.Afghanistan is a largely mountainous country: more than half the territory is above 2,000 metres. Its central highlands are the ...
Afghanistan War

Afghanistan War  

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Overview Page
(1979–1989)Following a military coup in April 1978, the communist People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan took power. The party was riven by sectarian disputes and, in December 1979, the Soviet ...
Afghanistan War

Afghanistan War  

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Overview Page
(2001)On 7 October 2001 the United States of America commenced air strikes against targets in Afghanistan associated with the ruling Taliban movement, and Osama Bin Laden's al‐Qaeda terrorist network ...
Ayman al- Ẓawāhirī

Ayman al- Ẓawāhirī  

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Overview Page
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Religion
Born in al-Maʿādī (a residential suburb of Cairo), Ayman Muḥammad Rabiʿ al-Ẓawāhirī (b. 1951),former head of the Egyptian militant group Islamic Jihād and considered al-Qaʿida's second in command, ...
Donald Rumsfeld

Donald Rumsfeld  

(b. 9 Jul. 1932).US Secretary of Defense, 1975–7, 2001–6 Born in Chicago, Rumsfeld attended Princeton and joined the US navy in 1954. In 1957, he worked for Congress and joined an investment bank, ...
George W. Bush

George W. Bush  

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History
(1946– )US Republican statesman, 43rd President of the USA (2001–9). The son of George (Herbert Walker) Bush, he worked in the oil industry before becoming Governor of Texas in 1995. The presidential ...
Guantánamo Bay

Guantánamo Bay  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Site of a US air base in Cuba where a number of those captured fighting for the Taliban in Afghanistan, or suspected of terrorist involvement, are held.
Iraq War

Iraq War  

(March–April 2003)A war between US-led forces and Iraq. In the context of the USA's ongoing war on terrorism, in 2002 President George W. Bush threatened military action to remove Saddam Hussein's ...
Islamic fundamentalism

Islamic fundamentalism  

A disputed term, widely used in the US and to a lesser extent in Britain to denote any movement to favour strict observance of the teachings of the Qur'an and the Shari'a (Islamic Law). On the ...
Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan

Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Begun in 1991 with the collapse of the Soviet Union and organized as the IMU by Tahir Yuldeshev in 1998. Seeks to establish a government based on shariah. Based in Uzbekistan but has branches in ...
Jihād Organizations

Jihād Organizations  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
During the 1990s and particularly after the September 11, 2001 attacks in the United States, jihād organizations have increasingly been recognized as fundamental actors in contemporary world politics ...
London Bombings

London Bombings  

(7 July 2005)Four terrorist attacks in London which were carried out on behalf of al-Qaeda. At around 9 am three bombs exploded on three different underground trains at rush hour. A separate bomb ...
Madrid Bombings

Madrid Bombings  

(11 Mar. 2004)A number of bombs were planted by terrorists linked to al-Qaeda on suburban trains, which detonated at rush hour. One hundred and ninety-one people died and almost two thousand were ...
Osama Bin Laden

Osama Bin Laden  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(1957–2011)Leader and founder of the al-Qaeda terrorist network. Born in Saudi Arabia, he inherited a fortune from his father's construction business, which he has used to further his militant ...
Pakistan

Pakistan  

Asia's great underachiever. Democracy has yet to take hold and now the country is under attack from terrorists.Pakistan has four main geographical regions. First, in the far north is the Hindu Kush ...
Salafi

Salafi  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Name (derived from salaf, “pious ancestors”) given to a reform movement led by Jamal al-Din al-Afghani and Muhammad Abduh at the turn of the twentieth century. Emphasized restoration of Islamic ...
Sayyid Qutb

Sayyid Qutb  

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Overview Page
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Religion
(d. 1966)Egyptian literary critic, novelist, and poet who became an important Islamist thinker and activist. Brother of Muhammad Qutb. Believed that Islam is a timeless body of ideas and practices ...
September 11

September 11  

(2001)The day on which al-Qaida terrorists struck at New York and Washington, killing over 3000 people. Four airliners were hijacked shortly after take-off by 19 suicidal terrorists: two were flown ...
Taliban

Taliban  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A fundamentalist Muslim movement which in 1996 set up an Islamic state in Afghanistan. The Taliban were overthrown in 2001 by US-led forces and Afghan groups following the terrorist attacks of 11 ...

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