Overview

Alexander the Great

(356—323 bc) king of Macedon 336–323

Return to overview »

You are looking at 1-20 of 357 entries

  • Type: Overview Page x
clear all

View:

Abydos

Abydos  

1 A town of ancient Mysia in Asia Minor, situated on a hill overlooking the Dardanelles, north‐east of the modern Turkish city of Çanakkale. Abydos was the scene of the story of Hero and Leander and ...
Achaemenid

Achaemenid  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
A member of the dynasty ruling in Persia from Cyrus I to Darius III (553–330 bc); the name comes from Greek Akhaimenēs ‘Achaemenes’, the reputed ancestor of the dynasty.
Acraephnium

Acraephnium  

Reference type:
Overview Page
City in NE Boeotia, located above a small bay of Lake Copais; perhaps the Homeric Arne. Fortifications and cemeteries have been excavated, the latter revealing splendid examples of early painted ...
Ada

Ada  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Satrap (see Mausolus) of the Persian province of Caria, youngest child of Hecatomnus, sister of Mausolus and of Idrieus, to whom she was incestuously married and with whom she was ...
aegis

aegis  

Reference type:
Overview Page
In classical art and mythology, an attribute of Zeus and Athena (or their Roman counterparts Jupiter and Minerva) usually represented as a goatskin shield. The word (denoting armour or a shield, ...
Albinovanus Pedo

Albinovanus Pedo  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A well-known wit and raconteur (Seneca (the Elder) Epistulae 122. 15; Quintilian Institutiones 9. 3. 61) who exercised his wit in writing epigrams; Martial often mentions him as one of ...
alcoholism

alcoholism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
n. the syndrome due to physical dependence on alcohol, such that sudden deprivation may cause withdrawal symptoms – tremor, anxiety, hallucinations, and delusions (see delirium tremens). The risk of ...
Alexander Historians

Alexander Historians  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The term “Alexander Historians” refers to the chief authors of antiquity who wrote histories of Alexander the Great. Sources for Alexander's reign fall into three categories: (1) Contemporary ...
Alexander IV

Alexander IV  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(323–?310 bc),posthumous son of Alexander (3) the Great and Roxane. Already designated to the kingship at Babylon, he was elevated by Perdiccas (3) (322) to join Philip (2) Arrhidaeus ...
Alexander Romances

Alexander Romances  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Generic term for the large group of enormously popular narrative poems, mainly in French and with a rich iconographic tradition, devoted to the life of Alexander the Great. Deriving initially ...
Alexandria

Alexandria  

The chief port and second‐largest city of Egypt, on the Mediterranean coast, northwest of Cairo. Founded in 332 bc by Alexander the Great, after whom it is named, it became a major centre of ...
Alexandria ‘near Issus’

Alexandria ‘near Issus’  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Close to Iskenderun (Alexandretta) on the gulf of Issus, a city founded by Alexander (3) the Great or Seleucus (1) I near the site of the battle (of Issus) where ...
Alexandria ‘of the Arachosians’

Alexandria ‘of the Arachosians’  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Founded by Alexander (3) the Great in 329 bc on the strategic site of the Achaemenid capital of Arachosia (Old Kandahar). Besides a Graeco-Aramaic edict of Ashoka (Supplementum epigraphicum 20. ...
Alexandria ‘of the Arians’

Alexandria ‘of the Arians’  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Founded by Alexander (3) the Great near Herat, on a different site from Artakoana. Important staging-point on route leading to Kandahar and India.A. B. Bosworth, Historical Commentary on Arrian's ...
Alexandria Eschate

Alexandria Eschate  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(‘the farthest’), founded close to Cyreschata (mod. Leninabad/Khodjend) on the Syr-Darya (Jaxartes), the largest of seven ‘Achaemenid' fortresses seized by Alexander (3) the Great in this region. ...
alexandrine

alexandrine  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
An iambic line of twelve syllables or six feet. The term comes (in the late 16th century) from French, from Alexandre (see Alexander1), the subject of an Old French poem in this metre.
Alinda

Alinda  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Town in Caria (SW Asia Minor), possibly of great antiquity (the name may occur in Hittite documents). It paid tribute to the 5th-cent. Athenian empire (see Delian League) and was ...
Amathus

Amathus  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A major coastal city of Cyprus, on a hill near mod. Ayios Tychonas, 10 km. (6 mi.) east of Limassol, surrounded by extensive and much excavated cemeteries, and immediately adjacent ...
Amazon

Amazon  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Mythical race of female warriors. The name was popularly understood as ‘breastless’ (maza, ‘breast’) and the story told that they ‘pinched out’ or ‘cauterized’ the right breast so as not to impede ...
Amisus

Amisus  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A 6th-cent. colony of Miletus or Phocaea, was built on a peninsula site on the Black Sea coast, the best harbour between Sinope and Trapezus, at the head of a ...

View: