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Leon Battista Alberti

(1404—1472) Italian architect, humanist, painter, and art critic

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academies

academies  

Are societies or institutions for the cultivation and promotion of literature, the arts or science, or of some particular branch of science such as medicine, for example, the Académie de ...
Agnolo Pandolfini

Agnolo Pandolfini  

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Literature
(1360–1446),from a Florentine family first prominent in the 14th c., was a leading Medici partisan. An amateur Latinist whose learning was praised by Leon Battista Alberti and Vespasiano da ...
Agostino di Duccio

Agostino di Duccio  

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(b Florence, c.1418; d ?Perugia, c.1481).Florentine sculptor and architect. He was an artist of distinction and originality—the only 15th-century sculptor born in Florence who owed little to ...
anatomy

anatomy  

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The study of the structure of living organisms, especially of their internal parts by means of dissection and microscopical examination. Compare morphology.
architecture

architecture  

The term given to an organization's information technology platform, structure and process but increasingly used as a way of explaining complex marketing concepts and functions, for example ‘brand ...
art History

art History  

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An academic discipline which, as its name implies, is concerned with the historical study of art in all its manifestations throughout the ages to the present day. Its origins can be traced back to ...
automatism

automatism  

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A method of painting or drawing in which conscious control is suppressed, allowing the subconscious to take over. André Breton wrote in the Surrealist manifesto of 1924 of ‘pure psychic automatism’, ...
Bernardo Rossellino

Bernardo Rossellino  

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(b Settignano, nr. Florence, c.1409; d Florence, 23 Sept. 1464) and(b Settignano, c.1427; d Florence, 1479).Florentine sculptors, brothers. The family name was Gambarelli, but Antonio's nickname ...
building types

building types  

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A phrase used to describe a conventional system of classification in which buildings are categorized according to their function. Functional typologies are linguistic—they depend on the use of such ...
Burchiello

Burchiello  

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Literature
(1404–49),Italian barber and satirist, born in Florence. His poems, many of which are sonnets, are lightly satirical, but Burchiello's imprudent mocking of members of the Medici family led in ...
camera obscura

camera obscura  

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Darkened box or chamber into which light is admitted through a double convex lens, thus forming an image of external objects, a view, etc., on a surface placed at the focus of the lens.
Certame coronario

Certame coronario  

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Literature
A literary contest, organized mainly by Leon Battista Alberti, sponsored by Piero de' Medici, and held in October 1441 in Florence. Modelled on ancient literary competitions, the aim of the ...
classicism

classicism  

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Literature
1. The classical aesthetic ideals of simplicity, form, order, harmony, balance, clarity, decorum, restraint, serenity, unity, and proportion—together with an emphasis on reason. The term is not ...
Coducci

Coducci  

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or(c. 1440–1504).Born at Lenna, near Bergamo, he was the greatest Quattrocento architect working in Venice from c.1469. An inventive technician, he knew the works of Alberti, clearly revered Venetian ...
Composite Order

Composite Order  

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[De]In architecture, a combination of the Corinthian capital's rows of acanthus leaves with the volutes, slightly reduced in size, of the Ionic Order. A late development within the classical world.
Cristoforo Landino

Cristoforo Landino  

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Literature
(1424–1504),Italian humanist, poet, and philologist, who during his years as a professor in Florence attempted in his teaching to reconcile Platonism with Aristotelianism and Christian revelation ...
cryptography

cryptography  

The area of mathematics concerning the secure coding of information, often relying on mathematics such as prime factorizations of very large numbers.
da Maiano

da Maiano  

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Italian sculptors, father and son. Benedetto (1442–97) was a Florentine who with Verrocchio was the principal sculptor of the later 15th century. He probably trained initially as an intarsia worker ...
Della famiglia

Della famiglia  

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Literature
Leon Battista Alberti's first and most substantial vernacular work, was revolutionary in using the vernacular for a genre, the ethical dialogue, which had hitherto been the preserve of humanist Latin ...
Dialogues, Renaissance

Dialogues, Renaissance  

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Literature
As a genre the dialogue's status was uncertain, since there existed no classical theoretical discussion of the form. It was not until the second half of the 16th c. that ...

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