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Air Warfare

Air Warfare  

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Overview Page
Despite having given birth to the airplane in 1903, the United States was slow to explore the military applications of aviation and had effectively no air arm when war broke ...
Alexander De Seversky

Alexander De Seversky  

(1894–1974) aerospace engineer, born in Georgia, then part of imperial Russia, de Seversky received a military education and served in World War I, losing a leg in combat. He became ...
Battle of Leyte Gulf

Battle of Leyte Gulf  

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(October 1944)A naval battle off the Philippines. In the campaign to recover the Philippines, US forces landed on the island of Leyte. Four Japanese naval forces converged to attack US transports, ...
Battle of Midway

Battle of Midway  

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In 1942, off the Midway Islands in the central Pacific, a decisive sea battle in which the US navy repelled a Japanese invasion fleet, sinking four aircraft carriers. This defeat marked the end of ...
battleship

battleship  

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History
The modern equivalent of, and the name derived from, the older sailing ship of the line.From Ship of the Line to ‘Ironclad’.The introduction into warfare at sea during the 1840s and 1850s of the ...
bomber

bomber  

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N.1 an aircraft designed to carry and drop bombs.2 a person who plants, detonates, or throws bombs in a public place, especially as a terrorist.3 short for bomber jacket[...]
capital ship

capital ship  

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History
A term used in navies to denote the most important type of warship in the national fleet. For centuries throughout the era of sailing navies it was the ship of the line, but after the introduction of ...
Carrier Warfare

Carrier Warfare  

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The U.S. Navy has dominated aircraft carrier warfare since the 1920s. Conceived to provide scouting “eyes” for the fleet, the carrier evolved an attack capability that rivaled that of the ...
cruiser

cruiser  

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History
In the days of sailing navies a ship, usually a fourth-rate or large frigate, detached from a fleet to cruise independently in search of the enemy. Frigates and smaller warships engaged in the ...
Destroyers and Destroyer Escorts

Destroyers and Destroyer Escorts  

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The modern destroyer (DD) is a general purpose warship capable of surface, subsurface, and antiair warfare. Destroyers evolved from ships designed to destroy torpedo boats that threatened battleships ...
electric propulsion

electric propulsion  

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History
Is basically the driving of a ship's propeller shaft by an electric motor, with the electric power for it being produced in one or more generators driven by steam propulsion, diesel engines using ...
gas-turbine engines

gas-turbine engines  

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History
Are derived from the aircraft engine and burn expensive high-quality fuel such as kerosene or gas oil, not the residual oil which the modern marine diesel uses. A ship's main turbine unit generates ...
interservice rivalry

interservice rivalry  

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The competition between military services (Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marines) for prestige, funding, and influence, particularly in the Congress.
James Doolittle

James Doolittle  

(1896–1993), Army Air Force Officer.Doolittle, a man of brilliant scientific ability, received one of the first U.S. doctorates in aeronautical engineering from MIT in 1925. He also possessed immense ...
low-Intensity Conflict

low-Intensity Conflict  

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Political-military confrontation, ranging from propaganda and subversion to the actual use of armed forces, between contending states or groups below the level of conventional war and above the level ...
military museums

military museums  

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Because so much of Australia's military history has involved its armed forces fighting outside the continent, war has left almost no mark on the Australian landscape. While the ubiquitous war ...
Navy Combat Branches

Navy Combat Branches  

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Surface ForcesSubmarine ForcesNaval Air ForcesSurface ForcesSubmarine ForcesNaval Air ForcesUntil the twentieth century, surface warfare was naturally the focus of the U.S. Navy. The navy's force ...
Pearl Harbor

Pearl Harbor  

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A harbour on the Pacific island of Oahu, in Hawaii, the site of a major US naval base, where a surprise attack on 7 December 1941 by Japanese carrier-borne aircraft, inflicted heavy damage and ...
Robert Ballard

Robert Ballard  

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History
(b. 1942),American oceanographer and deep-sea explorer, who has made important contributions to marine archaeology and oceanography, and is, perhaps, best known for his discovery in 1985 of the ...
Sea Warfare

Sea Warfare  

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In the history of the American Republic has consisted of two missions—control of sea lanes and projection of power ashore. During the Revolutionary War, a great many American merchant ships ...

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