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St Aidan

(d. 651) Irish missionary

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Anglo-Saxon art and architecture

Anglo-Saxon art and architecture  

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Now only survives fragmentarily and even what remains is not necessarily representative of what once existed. Our view of architecture, for example, is distorted by the near-total loss of all ...
Anglo-Saxon Church

Anglo-Saxon Church  

The Church in England from the end of the 6th cent. to the Norman Conquest (1066). In 597 the Roman mission of St Augustine landed in Thanet in the south and sees were quickly set up at Canterbury, ...
Bede

Bede  

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History
(673–735,historian and scholar, when young placed in the charge of Benedict Biscop, the abbot of Wearmouth. From there he went in 682 to Jarrow, where he spent most of his life. He was a diligent ...
Botvid

Botvid  

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Religion
(d. 1100),martyr. A Swedish layman from Sodermannland, Botvid became a Christian in England and then returned to Sweden to help spread Christianity in his native country, where already English ...
Cedd

Cedd  

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Religion
(d. 664),bishop of the East Saxons. Almost all we know of him comes from Bede. Cedd and his three brothers, Chad, Cynebill, and Caelin, were Anglian boys educated at Lindisfarne by Aidan and Finan: ...
Church of England

Church of England  

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Religion
The Christian Church which is ‘by law established’ in England. The Church of England is a consequence of the Reformation, as this was mediated under the 16th-cent. Tudor sovereigns. As ...
Colman

Colman  

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Religion
There are about 300 saints of this name mentioned in Irish martyrologies: for the purposes of this work it seems sufficient to mention four, those of Cloyne, Dromore, Kilmacduagh, and Lindisfarne.(1) ...
diocese of Lindisfarne

diocese of Lindisfarne  

The bishopric, originally based on the island monastery founded by Aidan (c.635), became the spiritual springboard of Celtic Christian mission in England. Cuthbert became bishop in 685, but died in ...
Edfrith

Edfrith  

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Religion
(d. 721),monk and bishop of Lindisfarne. Little is known of Edfrith before he became bishop in 698, except that he studied in Ireland, and was a well-trained scribe, artist, and calligrapher, for it ...
Finan

Finan  

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Religion
(d. 661) Irish monk elected Aidan’s successor in 651.Active in evangelizing Mercia and Essex, he resisted certain Roman usages probably out of loyalty to Iona.RCEBede, Ecclesiastical History ...
Finan of Lindisfarne

Finan of Lindisfarne  

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Religion
Bishop and abbot 651–61.Irish and from Iona, this successor of Aidan resembled him in character and policy. Zealous, learned, and prudent, he worked in close cooperation with Oswiu, king of ...
Honorius

Honorius  

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Religion
(d. 653),archbishop of Canterbury. He came to England in 601, one of the second band of Roman missionaries to Kent. He succeeded Justus as archbishop in 627, being consecrated at Lincoln by Paulinus. ...
Lindisfarne

Lindisfarne  

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Archaeology
A small island off the coast of Northumberland, north of the Farne Islands. Linked to the mainland by a causeway exposed only at low tide, it is the site of a church and monastery founded by St Aidan ...
Melrose

Melrose  

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Literature
(abbey) Cistercian monastery founded in 1136 by King David I of Scotland with monks from Clairvaux. It was the earliest Cistercian monastery established in Scotland, and purportedly built on the ...
Oswin

Oswin  

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Religion
(d. 651),king of Deira in Northumbria 644–51 and venerated as a martyr. When Oswin's father Osric, king of Deira (i.e. roughly the territory of the former county of Yorkshire), was killed by the ...
St Chad

St Chad  

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Religion
(d. 672),first bishop of Mercia and Lindsey at Lichfield, for whom there was an early and popular cult; it was said by Bede that if the faithful put dust from his shrine into water, the drink was ...
St Cuthbert

St Cuthbert  

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Religion
(d. 687).Bishop of Lindisfarne from 685. After the synod of Whitby, he was instrumental in winning acceptance of Roman usages at Lindisfarne. The cult of Cuthbert was especially popular from this ...
St Gregory I

St Gregory I  

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Religion
The title commonly given to St Gregory the Great in the MSS and editions of the Greek ‘Liturgy of the Presanctified’ which baselessly presuppose that he was its author.
St Hilda

St Hilda  

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Religion
(614–80), Abbess of Whitby. Descended from the Northumbrian royal line, in 657 she founded a double monastery at Whitby; it grew in fame and influence. At the Synod of Whitby (664) she sided with St ...
St Margaret

St Margaret  

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Religion
(c. 1046–93)Scottish queen, wife of Malcolm III. She exerted a strong influence over royal policy during her husband's reign, and was instrumental in the reform of the Scottish Church.

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