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Ahura Mazda

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Achaemenid art

Achaemenid art  

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The official sculpture of the Persian empire was made in a style which owed much to Mesopotamian forerunners, and like them tended to the glorification of the ruler. The Median, Persian, Babylonian, ...
Afterlife

Afterlife  

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In Islam, one's condition in the afterlife, whether in heaven or hell, is determined by the degree to which one has affirmed the unity and justice of God, acted with mercy and justice toward others, ...
Ahriman

Ahriman  

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Religion
The evil spirit in the doctrine of Zoroastrianism, the opponent of Ahura Mazda.
Ahuras

Ahuras  

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Religion
Ahura, meaning “lord,” is an ancient Iranian term that is equivalent to the Vedic term asura. The ahuras are three principal deities, Ahura Mazda, Mithra, and Apam Napat.
Amesa Spentas

Amesa Spentas  

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Religion
The ‘Bounteous’ (or Holy) Immortals in Zoroastrianism. Zoroaster mentions a number of heavenly forces, the creations of, and therefore subservient to, Ahura Mazda, but powers through which Ahura and ...
Anahita

Anahita  

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(Anaitis, Ἀναίτις), Persian goddess of the fertilizing waters (Avesta Yašt 5). Artaxerxes (2) II (404–358 bc) introduced the use of cult-images into the major cities of his empire (Berossus in ...
ancient Persian mythology

ancient Persian mythology  

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Beliefs of the ancient Persian (Iranian) people. The oldest Persian deity was Mithra, who was identified with the sun. He was a god of courage and enlightenment, and led the ...
Angra Mainyu

Angra Mainyu  

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Religion
The ‘Destructive Spirit’ or ‘devil’ in Zoroastrianism. He is thought to have existed ‘from the beginning’, independent of Ahura Mazda (i.e. he is coeval). Angra Mainyu is the source of ...
Armaïti

Armaïti  

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Religion
One of the Amesa Spentas or major deities associated with the Zoroastrian supreme god Ahura Mazda, Spenta Armaiti, or Spendarmat in Pahlavi, is the goddess of the earth and is ...
Armenian mythology

Armenian mythology  

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Religion
The mythology of the Indo-European Armenian (Hay) people, who came to Anatolia as early as the middle of the second millennium b.c.e., was probably a mixture of assimilated proto-Greek and ...
Aryan

Aryan  

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A group of Indo-European speaking people who spread through Iran and N. India in the early 2nd millenium bce. This is the so-called Aryan invasion.
Atas

Atas  

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Religion
Fire, in Zoroastrianism one of the seven Good Creations of Ahura Mazda, the one most commonly bound up with worship. There are many levels to the symbolism. The ritual fire ...
Bundahisn

Bundahisn  

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Religion
Literally, “The Book of Primordial Creation,” the ninth and tenth century Bundahisn is the primary sourcebook for Zoroastrian (see Zoroastrionism) theology and mythology in the Middle Persian or ...
Daevas

Daevas  

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Religion
(Old Pers., daiva; Middle Pers., dēv: ‘shining one’).One of a group of gods in Ancient Persia (cf. DEVA) who were denounced by Zoroaster as demonic and as gods of war and strife.[...]
dualism

dualism  

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Religion
1 A metaphysical system which holds that good and evil are the product of separate and equally ultimate first causes.2 The view that in the Incarnate Christ there were not merely two natures but two ...
Gāthās

Gāthās  

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Religion
The seventeen hymns of Zoroaster, and thus texts of fundamental authority for Zoroastrians, especially in the liturgy (yasna). In Hinduism, gāthās are poems which do not appear in the Vedas.[...]
Graeco-Persian style

Graeco-Persian style  

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An amalgam of Greek and Achaemenid Persian stylistic traits. The Persian conquest of Lydia and Ionia in the 6th cent. bc led to craftsmen from the west working for Persian ...
Khvarenah

Khvarenah  

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Religion
In the ancient Mazdian- Zoroastrian tradition of Iran, the supreme god Ahura Mazda creates the khvarenah, which is at once holiness and fortune. Mythologically, the concept is a Deity of ...
Mazdaism

Mazdaism  

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Religion
Mazdaism is a term sometimes used to indicate the ancient Iranian religion that became Zoroastrianism under the influence of Zoroaster (Zarathustra). It takes its name from the supreme god of ...
Mithra

Mithra  

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Religion
God worshipped in four different religions: in Hinduism (as Mitra); in Zoroastrianism (Mithra); in Manichaeism (Mithra), and in the Roman Mithraic mysteries (Mithras). Why this Zoroastrianized ...

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