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Aggadah

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Abbahu

Abbahu  

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(3rd/4th cent. ce).Jewish Palestinian amora. He held a prominent position in the Jewish community of Caesarea and was well-known for his generosity, wealth, and excellent relationship with the Roman ...
Abimelech

Abimelech  

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Religion
(date uncertain, 19th–16th cents. bce).King of Gerar, whom both Abraham and Isaac tried to deceive by presenting their wives as their sisters (Genesis 20, 26. 1–11). He also appears ...
Abraham

Abraham  

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Religion
In the Bible, the Hebrew patriarch from whom all Jews trace their descent (Genesis 11:27–25:10), directed by God to leave his own country for another land. In Genesis 22 he is ordered by God to ...
Academies

Academies  

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Religion
An established gathering of Jewish scholars. The Talmudic terms are yeshivot (‘sitting’), also bet ha-midrash (Heb., ‘House of Study’), bet din gadol (Heb., ‘the great house of law’), and metivta ...
Aggadat Bereshit

Aggadat Bereshit  

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An aggadic midrash (‘commentary’) on the book of Genesis. It probably should be dated in the 10th cent. ce.
Avodah Zarah

Avodah Zarah  

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Religion
(Heb., ‘idolatrous worship’).Tractate of the Mishnah, tosefta, and Talmud, assigned to the order of ‘Nezikim’ (torts). It includes both halakhic and aggadic material, and deals with the laws ...
Eliʿezer Ben Yosei Ha-Galili

Eliʿezer Ben Yosei Ha-Galili  

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(2d cent.), tanna’; pupil of R. ʿAqiva’ ben Yosef, he was one of those who established the academy at Yavneh (Ber. 63b) and then in Usha’. A noted aggadist, he ...
Elijah

Elijah  

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(Gk. form, ‘Elias’) (9th cent. bc), Hebrew prophet. According to Kgs., he maintained the ascendancy of the worship of God in the face of Canaanite and Phoenician cults, upheld the claims of moral ...
Elisha

Elisha  

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(9th century bc), a Hebrew prophet, disciple and successor of Elijah, who invited Jehu to lead the revolt against the house of Ahab, and who healed Naaman of his leprosy.
Eve

Eve  

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Religion
Arabic Hawwa. Wife of Adam. She is not named in the Quran; her name is known through oral tradition (hadith). Unlike the Old Testament, the Quran does not present her as responsible for tempting ...
Haggadah

Haggadah  

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Religion
The text recited at the Seder on the first two nights of the Jewish Passover, including a narrative of the Exodus. Also, a legend, parable, or anecdote used to illustrate a point of the Law in the ...
halakhah

halakhah  

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The legal side of Judaism, in contradistinction to Aggadah; the latter embracing all the non-legal ideas. In the earliest Rabbinic period, the term Halakhah (from the root halakh, ‘to go’ or ‘to ...
homily, Homiliary

homily, Homiliary  

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The WestByzantiumThe WestByzantiumHomilies are commentaries on biblical texts read in the liturgy, in particular at the office, alongside Holy Scripture and hagiographical texts. Homilies generally ...
Ishmael

Ishmael  

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Religion
In the Hebrew Bible, the Torah, Ishmael was the son of Abraham and the slave woman Hagar. He plays a significant role in Islamic mythology as Ismail.
Josiah

Josiah  

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Religion
In the Bible, a king of Judah who put an end to the worship of idols and restored strict religious observance.
kabbalah

kabbalah  

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Religion
The ancient Jewish tradition of mystical interpretation of the Bible, first transmitted orally and using esoteric methods (including ciphers). It reached the height of its influence in the later ...
Kaddish

Kaddish  

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Religion
An ancient Jewish prayer sequence regularly recited in the synagogue service, including thanksgiving and praise and concluding with a prayer for universal peace; a form of this prayer sequence ...
Keneset Yisrael

Keneset Yisrael  

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Religion
(Heb., ‘the community of Israel’).The totality of the Jewish community. In aggadic literature, ‘Keneset Yisrael’ is used as the personification of the Jewish people in the dialogue with God. ...
Law

Law  

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Religion
Translation of the Hebrew torah, though this word has a meaning much wider than the legal: ‘interpretation’ might be preferable. It is used in the Hebrew Bible for the Pentateuch, in which law as a ...
Maʿaseh Book

Maʿaseh Book  

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Religion
(Heb., ‘Story Book’; Yid., Mayse Bukh).A collection of anonymous Jewish folk tales. The Maʿaseh Book was first publ. in Yiddish in 1602 and contains 254 stories, including Talmudic aggadah, midrash, ...

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