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deinstitutionalization

deinstitutionalization  

The transition from institutional (custodial) to community-based care of mental disorders, which was facilitated by development of psychoactive drugs and modern office-based psychotherapeutic ...
dementia

dementia  

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A chronic or persistent disorder of behaviour due to organic brain disease. It is characterized by a decrease in intellectual function with changes in personality, mood, and behaviour. Presenile ...
energy balance

energy balance  

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The balance between the total energy that enters, leaves, and accumulates within a system (such as an ecosystem). Based on the first law of thermodynamics, which says that energy may be transformed, ...
Ernst Heinrich Weber

Ernst Heinrich Weber  

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(1795–1878) German physiologist and psychologistWeber was the eldest of three brothers who all made important contributions to science. He was born at Wittenberg in Germany and became a professor at ...
gerontology

gerontology  

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n. the study of the changes in the mind and body that accompany ageing and the problems associated with them.
life span

life span  

The theoretical maximum number of years that the most healthy individuals within a species can be expected to live. Life expectancy in humans is lower than this because it reflects the real‐life ...
menopause

menopause  

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The natural cessation of a woman's menstrual cycle occurring usually between 45 and 50 years of age. Also called the change of life or climacteric. Compare andropause. [From Greek men a month + ...
rejuvenation

rejuvenation  

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For almost all of recorded history, human beings seem to have searched for ways to prolong their lives and augment the vitality of the aged — effects which, for the ...
senility

senility  

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(sin-il-iti)the state of physical and mental deterioration that is associated with the ageing process.—senile adj.
smell

smell  

Although all living things, both plant and animal, respond selectively to at least some of the chemicals in their environments, what we ordinarily mean by smell is more limited than ...
spectacles

spectacles  

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Apparently known in China as early as the 13th century, spectacles were invented in the West in the 1280s by a Dominican monk, Alessandro della Spina. Glass-making shops producing lenses ...

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