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Abdou Diouf

Abdou Diouf  

(b. 7 Mar. 1935).President of Senegal 1981–2000 Born in Louga, he was educated at the University of Dakar, and graduated in law from the University of Paris. Upon his return to Senegal he became the ...
Addis Ababa

Addis Ababa  

Capital and largest city in Ethiopia.Addis Ababa is Ethiopia's political, commercial, manufacturing, and cultural center. Located at the approximate geographical center of Ethiopia, it is the hub of ...
African Charter on Human and People's Rights

African Charter on Human and People's Rights  

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Overview Page
A charter adopted by the Organization of African Unity (now the African Union) in 1981 and ratified by 35 of its members. The Charter reaffirms the duty of African states to eliminate colonialism, ...
African Court of Justice

African Court of Justice  

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Intended as the judicial organ of the African Union (AU Constitutive Act, arts. 5(1)(d) and 18), the Court of Justice was established by the Protocol of the Court of Justice ...
African Court of Justice and Human Rights

African Court of Justice and Human Rights  

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In July 2004, the Assembly of the African Union decided to merge the African Court of Justice and the African Court on Human and People's Rights into the African Court ...
African Court on Human and People's Rights

African Court on Human and People's Rights  

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The Court was established by a Protocol to the African Charter adopted in June 1998 (O.A.U. Doc. OAU/LEG/AFHPR/PROT(III)), which entered into force on 25 January 2004. A decision was made ...
Angola

Angola  

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Overview Page
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History
Angola's economy is growing thanks to oil exports but the country still faces a long period of post-war reconstruction.Angola has a dry coastal plain which is at its broadest in the north where it ...
Bertrand Ramcharan

Bertrand Ramcharan  

For more than three decades, Bertrand G. Ramcharan has played an influential role in the development of protection mechanisms at the United Nations (UN). He previously served as deputy high ...
Brazzaville Bloc

Brazzaville Bloc  

One of the first post‐colonial associations to encourage economic and political cooperation. It emerged in 1960 from a conference in the Congolese capital of Brazzaville, and consisted of the newly ...
Burundi

Burundi  

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Overview Page
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History
After decades of ethnic violence Burundi faces many years of rebuildingThe west of Burundi lies along the Great Rift Valley, with Lake Tanganyika forming the southern two-thirds of the border. To the ...
constitution

constitution  

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Law
N.The rules and practices that determine the composition and functions of the organs of central and local government in a state and regulate the relationship between the individual and the state. ...
criminal Justice System

criminal Justice System  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Law
A broad term encompassing various institutions that work within the ambit of the criminal jurisdiction: police, prosecution, courts and correctional services. Most criminal matters start with police ...
Darfur

Darfur  

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Darfur is the westernmost state in Sudan. Despite its long and complex history, it has gained international attention only since 2003 when an insurgency emerged in the region, triggering a ...
Denis Sassou-Nguesso

Denis Sassou-Nguesso  

(b. 1943).President of the Republic of Congo, 1979–92, 1997–  An officer in the Congolese army, he participated in various coups in the 1960s and early 1970s. In 1979, he became President himself, ...
Haile Selassie

Haile Selassie  

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History
(1892–1975),emperor of Ethiopia 1930–74. In exile in Britain during the Italian occupation of Ethiopia (1936–41), he was restored to the throne by the Allies and ruled until deposed by a military ...
humanitarian intervention

humanitarian intervention  

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Law
A doctrine that purports to justify an intervention into a foreign state on humanitarian grounds, often involving use of armed force without the consent of the foreign state, particularly where ...
Inter-African Committee on Traditional Practices

Inter-African Committee on Traditional Practices  

Established in February 1984, the Inter-African Committee on Traditional Practices That Affect the Health of Women and Children (IAC) undertakes a wide variety of educational and advocacy activities, ...
INTERIGHTS

INTERIGHTS  

INTERIGHTS, the International Centre for the Legal Protection of Human Rights, is a nongovernmental international human rights organization, registered as a charity in England and Wales, and based in ...
International Commission of Jurists

International Commission of Jurists  

The ICJ is an international non-government organization supporting the elements of international law which advance human rights. Founded in 1952, its membership consists of 60 jurists representative ...
Kenneth Kaunda

Kenneth Kaunda  

(b. 28 Apr. 1924).President of Zambia 1964–91Born at Lubwe, he became a teacher and a minister in the Presbyterian Church of Scotland. Politically active from the early 1950s, he advanced to become ...

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