Overview

African Americans

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A. Philip Randolph

A. Philip Randolph  

(1889–1979), union head and civil rights leader.A socialist, Asa Philip Randolph saw economic empowerment as the key to African-American advancement, a philosophy he espoused in his Messenger ...
affirmative action

affirmative action  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Any form of positive discrimination taken to assist or promote members of disadvantaged groups, e.g. under Affirmative Action (Equal Employment Opportunity for Women) Act 1986 (Cth). See ...
Africa and Latinos and Latinas

Africa and Latinos and Latinas   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Latinos and Latinas in the United States

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,304 words

The historical and cultural significance of Africa in the lives of Latinas and Latinos in the United States is fully

African American Religion.

African American Religion.  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The religious beliefs of so large and diverse a population cannot be unified into a single, artificial scheme. The African dispersion has now mingled with many other sources, and black ...
African Americans

African Americans   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Politics of the World (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
3,682 words

More than 10 million people brought as slaves to the Americas during the period from the sixteenth to the nineteenth

African Americans

African Americans   Reference library

Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
2,925 words
Illustration(s):
3

African American history in the United States constitutes a legacy involving self-determination and struggles for freedom. It is, in part,

African Americans

African Americans   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Social Work (20 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

[This entry contains three subentries: Overview; Immigrants of African Origin; Practice Interventions.]

African Americans and the West

African Americans and the West   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History, 1619–1895: From the Colonial Period to the Age of Frederick Douglass

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
4,470 words
Illustration(s):
1

The black businessmen William Alexander Leidesdorff and Andres Pico were both born in 1810 with something the abolitionist Frederick Douglass

African Diaspora

African Diaspora  

[This entry contains two subentries dealing with the African diaspora, from the origins of slave trade through nineteenth-century America. The first article focuses on the evolution and criticism of ...
African Americans

African Americans   Reference library

Clayborne Carson

The Oxford Companion to Comparative Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
3,783 words

More than 10 million people brought as slaves to the Americas during the period from the sixteenth to the nineteenth

African Americans.

African Americans.   Reference library

Joe W. Trotter

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
2,968 words
The African American community had its roots in the great migration of peoples from the Old World to the New. Unlike European, Asian, and Latino Americans, however, Africans entered the ... More
Afro-Latinos

Afro-Latinos   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Latinos and Latinas in the United States

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
2,069 words

The terms “Afro-Latino” and “Afro-Latina” refer to those Latinos and Latinas in the United States who are of African ancestry

American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions

American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions  

Founded in 1810 by Congregational ministers from Massachusetts during the Second Great Awakening to send missionaries both abroad and to the southern and western United States—to convert Native ...
An American Dilemma

An American Dilemma  

(1944).Gunnar Myrdal's An American Dilemma: The Negro Problem and Modern Democracy ranks among the most important studies of American race relations. The “American Negro Problem,” Myrdal argued, lay ...
antislavery

antislavery  

Slavery was regarded in later 18th‐cent. Britain as essential to the exploitation of the West Indian colonies and there was strong opposition to any interference with the institution, particularly ...
Asian Americans

Asian Americans  

[This entry contains seven subentries: Overview; Practice Interventions; Chinese; Japanese, Koreans; South Asians; Southeast Asians.]The term Asian Americans encompasses the immigrants coming from ...
baseball

baseball  

The fascination of early-twenty-first-century baseball fans with Alex Rodríguez, Sammy Sosa, and Nomar Garciaparra and with Hispanic ballplayers as a whole belies a longer history of participation in ...
Black Abolitionists

Black Abolitionists  

Historians acknowledge the existence of “two abolitionisms” in the antebellum United States—one black, one white. Although black and white abolitionists shared similar views about the moral evil of ...
Black Nationalism

Black Nationalism  

An important ideology in African American history, black nationalism is grounded in the belief that efforts to operate within a political system deemed racist and unresponsive to black needs are ...
Black Panthers

Black Panthers  

The Black Panther Party for Self-Defense (later simply the Black Panther Party) was born in Oakland, California, on 15 October 1966, and was a radical anti-oppression organization that became ...

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