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Adam Smith

Adam Smith  

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(1723–90)Scottish philosopher and economist. Although best remembered as an economist, Smith was a polymath, and an eminent social theorist and moral philosopher. Born in Kirkcaldy, he was educated ...
Aesthetic Movement

Aesthetic Movement  

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Term designating late-nineteenth-century enthusiasm for opulent arts and handcrafts, especially within a domestic context. Advocating beauty as a touchstone for every aspect of life, it grew from the ...
aestheticism

aestheticism  

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Overview Page
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Media studies
1. An alleged social trend which involves an increasing personal concern with visual displays and/or a growing role for public spectacle in everyday life; typically a pejorative term. See also visual ...
Alexander Boyce Gibson

Alexander Boyce Gibson  

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Philosophy
(1900–72)Alexander Boyce Gibson was born in London on 10 March 1900 and died in Melbourne on 2 October 1972. He graduated in classics from Melbourne before studying philosophy at ...
Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten

Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten  

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Philosophy
(1714–62)German aesthetician. Baumgarten was born in Berlin and educated at Halle, where he became professor before moving in 1740 to a chair at Frankfurt. He taught a modified Leibnizian system, ...
Allan Ramsay

Allan Ramsay  

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(b Edinburgh, 2 Oct. 1713; d Dover, 10 Aug. 1784).Scottish painter, active mainly in London, where he was the outstanding portraitist from about 1740 to the rise of Reynolds in the mid-1750s (he also ...
amenity planting

amenity planting  

Planting trees and shrubs for non‐commercial purposes, for example to make a landscape more attractive rather than to produce a crop for sale.
Ancient Greece

Ancient Greece  

For a long time ancient Greece was viewed as one component of a whole termed “antiquity,” a period largely dominated by Rome. It only acquired individuality and autonomy during the ...
architecture

architecture  

The term given to an organization's information technology platform, structure and process but increasingly used as a way of explaining complex marketing concepts and functions, for example ‘brand ...
art

art  

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Overview Page
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Religion
It has been said that while the Greeks taught the holiness of beauty, the Hebrews taught the beauty of holiness. This is an unfortunate generalization, although it is true to say that the ancient. ...
art and architecture: Cistercian

art and architecture: Cistercian  

The Cistercian order was founded in 1098 at Cîteaux, in Burgundy, by a group of monks who had left a reformed but traditional Benedictine monastery in hope of living a ...
art and illusion

art and illusion  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
(1960)is an influential work by Ernst Gombrich (1909–2001) that emphasizes the conventional context of art-historical discourse.In his introduction, Gombrich presents his psychology of perception and ...
Asian Dance Traditions

Asian Dance Traditions  

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[To survey the diversity of dance throughout Asia, this entry comprises three articles:An OverviewThe Influence of PuppetryReligious, Philosophical, and Environmental InfluenceAn OverviewThe ...
Avary William Holmes Forbes

Avary William Holmes Forbes  

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Philosophy
(b. 1853)Avary William Holmes Forbes is a man about whom relatively little biographical information is known. After being awarded an MA from Trinity College Dublin, he was called to ...
ballet

ballet  

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Music
Entertainment in which dancers, by use of mime, etc., perform to mus. to tell a story or to express a mood. The ballet was largely developed in the courts of Fr. and It. during the 16th and 17th ...
beauty

beauty  

The central place of beauty in Plato's thought is witnessed in the Dialogues Phaedrus and Symposium. The perception of beauty induces anamnesis, a recollection of previous acquaintance with the ...
Beauty

Beauty  

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Subject:
Philosophy
(1848)The review article on the anonymous work The Principles of Design and Colour, together with J. Cockerell's 1845 Lectures on the Laws of Architectural Beauty, which appeared in the ...
Benjamin Jowett

Benjamin Jowett  

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Philosophy
(1817–93),one of the legendary figures of late Victorian Oxford, was professor of Greek from 1855 and master of Balliol College from 1870. A Broad Churchman in the tradition of T. Arnold, he outraged ...
Bloomsbury Group

Bloomsbury Group  

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Literature
A group of writers, artists, and philosophers living in or associated with Bloomsbury in the early 20th century. Members of the group, which included Virginia Woolf, Lytton Strachey, Vanessa Bell, ...
broadcast codes

broadcast codes  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
*Conventions of form and content tailored to a mass audience and widely employed in popular media forms (not restricted to the broadcasting media). In contrast to narrowcast codes, they are ...

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