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Advaita Vedānta

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Abhinavagupta

Abhinavagupta  

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(c.975–1025)Greatest of the Kashmiri Śaiva theologians. His works deal with the theoretical, yogic, and ritual aspects of the Tantric Trika and Krama traditions, the theology of the Pratyabhijñā ...
adhyāsa

adhyāsa  

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(Skt.).In philosophical Hinduism, superimposing reality on what is not real. It is false attribution, as when a rope is mistaken for a snake.
Adhyātma Rāmāyaṇa

Adhyātma Rāmāyaṇa  

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A version of Rāmāyaṇa composed by different authors, based on the original Skt. work of Vālmikī. Its tendency is to move the epic in an Advaitin and spiritualized direction.
Advaita

Advaita  

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(Sanskrit, non-duality)The doctrine of the Vedantic school associated with Shankara, that asserts the identity of brahman and atman; the empirical world is one of phenomena bene fundata and, like the ...
Advaitin

Advaitin  

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A follower or proponent of the Advaita Vedānta tradition.
ajātivāda

ajātivāda  

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Teaching, originating in the earliest śāstra of the Advaita Vedānta system, the Gauḍapādīya Kārikā, that nothing has ever really come into existence (i.e. that change is illusory).
ānanda

ānanda  

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A term used of brahman (neut.), as ultimate reality, from the earliest Upaniṣads onwards. In Advaita Vedānta it is combined with sat (‘being’), and cit (‘awareness, sentience, consciousness’) into ...
Ātmabodha

Ātmabodha  

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A short work ascribed to Śaṅkara, apparently aimed at popularizing the teachings of Advaita Vedānta.
atman

atman  

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In Hindu philosophy, the spiritual life principle of the universe, especially when regarded as immanent in the real self of the individual. Various strands in Hindu thought differ in the way they ...
avidyā

avidyā  

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(Skt.; Pāli, avijjā).Ignorance; in Buddhism it refers specifically to ignorance about the workings of karma.the Four Noble Truths, and the Three Jewels (triratna). Avidyā is the root cause of ...
Bhāgavata-purāṇa

Bhāgavata-purāṇa  

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The best-known Purāṇa, and one of the most popular and influential of all Hindu texts, the Bhāgavata is a Vaiṣṇava work produced in South India in the 9th or early 10th century ce. It is probably the ...
Bhāmatī

Bhāmatī  

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A sub-commentary on Śaṅkara's Brahmasūtrabhāṣya by Vācaspati Miśra, synthesizing Śaṅkara's views with those of Maṇḍana Miśra. Subsequently the Bhāmatī gave its name to a school of interpretation ...
Bhartṛhari

Bhartṛhari  

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1 (c. 5th century ce) The most important thinker in the field of vyākaraṇa (linguistic analysis/grammar), and largely responsible for its establishment as an independent darśana (philosophical ...
Bhāskara

Bhāskara  

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1 (7th century ce) A Vedānta teacher who was a near contemporary of Śaṅkara, but disagreed with the latter's Advaita, maintaining instead a bhedābheda (identity in difference) stance: the world is ...
Daśanāmī

Daśanāmī  

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(Skt., ‘having ten names’).A Hindu order of wandering monks founded by the great philosopher Saṅkara and upholding his philosophy of Advaita Vedānta. It is a loose federation of Śaivite ...
Dvaita Vedānta

Dvaita Vedānta  

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One of the four major Vaiṣṇava sampradāyas, a theistic school of Vedānta founded by Madhva. It is dualistic in so far as it maintains, in contrast to Śaṅkara's Advaita Vedānta and Rāmānuja's ...
Gauḍapāda

Gauḍapāda  

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(c.6th century ce)Reputed author of the earliest identifiable Advaita text, the Gauḍapādīya Kārikā, he is considered by the tradition to be the teacher of Govindapāda, and so Śaṅkara's paramaguru ...
Gauḍapādīya Kārikā

Gauḍapādīya Kārikā  

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(c.6th century ce)Attributed to Gauḍapāda, the Kārikā is the earliest identifiable Advaita text; it takes the form of a 215-verse commentary on the Māṇḍūkya Upaniṣad, hence its alternative title, the ...
Govindapāda

Govindapāda  

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(7th century ce?)According to the Advaita Vedānta tradition, the name of Śaṅkara's guru, about whom nothing is otherwise known.
Hari-hara

Hari-hara  

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A combination of Viṣṇu (Hari) and Śiva (Hara), to make clear (at least to Advaita) the non-duality of all appearance, including theistic appearance.

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