Overview

addiction

Return to overview »

You are looking at 1-16 of 16 entries

  • Type: Overview Page x
clear all

View:

amphetamine

amphetamine  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A drug, 1-phenyl-2-aminopropane (or a derivative of this compound), that stimulates the central nervous system by causing the release of the transmitters noradrenaline and dopamine from nerve ...
anaesthesia

anaesthesia  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Strictly, the loss of feeling, but generally used for the techniques of pain relief using anaesthetics prior to surgery.
buprenorphine

buprenorphine  

Reference type:
Overview Page
n. a powerful opioid analgesic (see opiate) used for the relief of moderate to severe pain. It acts for 6–8 hours and is administered by mouth, injection, or transdermal (skin) patches. Side-effects ...
cannabis

cannabis  

Reference type:
Overview Page
N.A drug obtained from the crushed leaves and flowers of the hemp plant (Cannabis sativa). Cannabis is defined as a controlled drug of Class B.
cocaine

cocaine  

Reference type:
Overview Page
n. an alkaloid that is derived from the leaves of the coca plant (Erythroxylon coca) or prepared synthetically and is sometimes used as a local anaesthetic applied to mucous membranes in ear, nose, ...
dependence

dependence  

1 Reliance on another person for financial, emotional, or some other form of support.2 A psychological and sometimes physical state of reliance on a substance, especially on a narcotic drug such as ...
drug abuse

drug abuse  

Another name for substance abuse. Preferred usage drug misuse. See also addiction, dependence (2), substance dependence, substance-induced disorders, substance-related disorders, substance use ...
heroin

heroin  

Reference type:
Overview Page
n. a white crystalline powder derived from morphine that is a highly addictive drug of abuse. See also diamorphine.
illness

illness  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The subjective sensation of experiencing a diseased state.
morphine

morphine  

Reference type:
Overview Page
An opiate that is the main active constituent of opium. It is used medically in the relief of severe pain, and can be acetylated to produce heroin. Morphine can be detected by the Marquis test.
nicotine

nicotine  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(nik-ŏ-teen)a poisonous alkaloid derived from tobacco, responsible for the dependence of regular smokers on cigarettes. In small doses nicotine has a stimulating effect on the autonomic nervous ...
nucleus accumbens

nucleus accumbens  

Either of two clusters of neuron cell bodies and opiate receptors in the basal forebrain near the septum pellucidum, where dopamine-secreting neurons originating in the ventral tegmental area ...
psychopharmacology

psychopharmacology  

The study of the effects of drugs on behaviour and mental experience, with particular emphasis on changes in mood, emotions, and psychomotor functions and abilities. [From psycho(logy) + pharmacology]
sensitization

sensitization  

The increase in the likelihood that a particular and significant stimulus will produce a response in an animal repeatedly exposed to it. Compare extinction; habituation.
substance abuse

substance abuse  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The nonclinical, or recreational, use of pharmacologically active substances such that continued use results in adverse physiological or psychological effects (see dependence). Substances commonly ...
withdrawal symptoms

withdrawal symptoms  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The feeling of being depressed by the absence of something; literally, the unpleasant physical reaction that accompanies the process of ceasing to take an addictive drug.

View: