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action research

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adaptive management

adaptive management  

An approach to the management of natural resources that is based on learning by doing, and on making decisions as part of an on‐going process of monitoring, review, and adaptation. A planned course ...
applied research

applied research  

A survey that is used to answer a specific question, determine why something failed or succeeded, solve a specific, pragmatic problem, or to gain better understanding.
basic research

basic research  

Research undertaken with the primary goal of contributing to knowledge or understanding of some phenomenon or phenomena by testing explicit hypotheses, generally contrasted with applied research. ...
descriptive research

descriptive research  

Research that has no other purpose than to describe phenomena and is not intended to explain, predict, or control them. Compare action research, applied research, basic research, evaluation research, ...
evaluation research

evaluation research  

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A form of applied research undertaken to test the effectiveness of some programme or intervention, such as a new teaching method in a school system or a new crime prevention policy in a city. See ...
exploratory research

exploratory research  

Research that is not explicitly intended to test hypotheses (as in basic research) nor to solve practical problems (as in applied research) but is used to make initial forays into unfamiliar ...
Hawthorne effect

Hawthorne effect  

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The effect where participants in an experiment may respond differently than they normally would, because they know they are part of an experiment.
journal, reflective

journal, reflective  

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Teachers, and particularly student teachers, often find it useful to keep a journal or diary in which to reflect critically and analytically on their teaching in order to see what they have learned ...
learning theory

learning theory  

Sometimes referred to as ‘the psychology of learning’, the body of theory about how and why learning takes place draws heavily on the work of schools of psychology as diverse as the behaviourists, on ...
Lewinian

Lewinian  

Of, relating to, or resembling the psychological approach of Kurt Lewin (1890–1947), a US psychologist born in a part of Germany that is now in Poland. See action research, approach-approach ...
participatory action research

participatory action research  

A form of action research in which the researchers and the people being studied collaborate in defining the research problem, choosing the research methodology and method of data analysis, and ...
reflective practice

reflective practice  

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The process of retrospectively examining one's own professional performance in order to clarify the reasons for one's actions and decisions, and to learn from them.
research

research  

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The systematic search for answers to certain questions, often using empirical evidence but also using logical arguments and reflection on social understandings. The search may aim at discovering ...

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