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Action Painting

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abstract art

abstract art  

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A term which can generally be applied to any non-representational art (most decorative art, for example), but which is more specifically used, from the early 20th century onwards, to describe ...
Abstract Expressionism

Abstract Expressionism  

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The dominant movement in American painting in the late 1940s and 1950s, characterized by a desire to convey powerful emotions through the sensuous qualities of paint, often on canvases of huge size. ...
Abstract Impressionism

Abstract Impressionism  

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A term coined by Elaine de Kooning to describe paintings that resemble certain late Impressionist pictures (notably those of Monet) in their brushwork but have no representative content: ‘Retaining ...
Alfred Leslie

Alfred Leslie  

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(1927– ).Painter, printmaker, and filmmaker. An abstract expressionist in the 1950s, during the following decade he played an important role in the revival of figurative painting. As a filmmaker, he ...
all-over painting

all-over painting  

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Term referring to nongeometric abstract paintings featuring relatively uniform surfaces and no obvious references to directional format or traditional structure. Such compositions generally lack ...
Art News

Art News  

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American journal, first published in 1902 as Hyde's Weekly Art News. In 1904 the title changed to American Art News, in 1923 to The Art News, in 1941 to ART News, and in 1969 to ARTnews. On the way ...
automatism

automatism  

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A method of painting or drawing in which conscious control is suppressed, allowing the subconscious to take over. André Breton wrote in the Surrealist manifesto of 1924 of ‘pure psychic automatism’, ...
Claes Oldenburg

Claes Oldenburg  

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(b Stockholm, 28 Jan. 1929).Swedish-born sculptor and graphic artist who became an American citizen in 1953. He was educated at Yale University and studied at the Art Institute of Chicago (earning ...
Cobra

Cobra  

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A group of Expressionist painters formed in Paris in 1948 by a number of Netherlandish and Scandinavian artists. The name derived from the first letters of the capital cities of the three countries ...
combine painting

combine painting  

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A term coined by Robert Rauschenberg for a type of work he invented in the early 1950s—a very radical form of collage—in which a painted surface is ‘combined’ with various real objects, or sometimes ...
drip painting

drip painting  

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A painting technique in which paint is allowed to drip onto the canvas rather than being applied with a brush, spatula, or similar tool. Although it had been used earlier in the 20th century by some ...
gestural painting

gestural painting  

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A term describing the application of paint with expansive gestures so that the sweep of the artist's arm is deliberately emphasized. It carries an implication that the artist's actions express his or ...
Gutai Group

Gutai Group  

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A group of Japanese artists founded at Osaka in 1954, led by Jiro Yoshihara. The group was best known for Performance art. In 1960, for example, it produced a Sky ...
Harold Rosenberg

Harold Rosenberg  

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(b New York, 2 Feb. 1906; d East Hampton, Long Island, NY, 11 July 1978).American writer, one of the most influential critics in the field of contemporary art from the 1950s until his death. Early in ...
Hermann Nitsch

Hermann Nitsch  

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(1938– )Austrian painter and actionist, the founder of the Orgien Mysterien Theater. His work is a form of Performance art, although he makes a clear distinction between the mere ‘presentation’, that ...
Jackson Pollock

Jackson Pollock  

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(1912–1956)US abstract expressionist painter, who developed the style known as action painting.Pollock was born in Cody, Wyoming, and moved to southern California when he was thirteen. He studied ...
Janine Antoni

Janine Antoni  

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(1964– )American sculptor, born in the Bahamas. She has made sculpture out of food. Gnaw (1992, MoMA, New York) consists of three 600 pound cubes of lard and chocolate which she had nibbled herself. ...
Jiro Yoshihara

Jiro Yoshihara  

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(b Osaka, 1 Jan. 1905; d Ashiya, 10 Feb. 1972).Japanese painter and entrepreneur. He was a wealthy industrialist and was mainly self-taught as an artist. During the 1930s he was a pioneer of abstract ...
John Chamberlain

John Chamberlain  

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(b Rochester, Ind., 16 Apr. 1927; d New York, 21 Dec. 2011).American sculptor. His early sculpture, influenced by that of David Smith, was made largely from metal pipes, but in 1957 he began to ...
Mark Tobey

Mark Tobey  

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(b Centerville, Wis., 11 Dec. 1890; d Basle, 24 Apr. 1976).American painter. In 1918 he became a convert to the Bahaʾi faith and much of his subsequent work was ...

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