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Acts of the Apostles

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Antioch

Antioch  

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A city in southern Turkey which was the ancient capital of Syria under the Seleucid kings, who founded it c.300 bc.
apocrypha

apocrypha  

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Biblical or related writings not forming part of the accepted canon of Scripture. The Old Testament Apocrypha include writings (dating from around 300 bc to ad 100) which appeared in the Septuagint ...
Apostolic Council

Apostolic Council  

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The Council of Jerusalem described in Acts 15 is sometimes called the Apostolic Council though it was presided over by James, brother of the Lord and not himself one of the Twelve. The account in ...
Areopagus

Areopagus  

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(in ancient Athens) a hill on which was sited the highest governmental council and later a judicial court. The name comes from Greek Areios pagos ‘hill of Ares’; the name for the site came to denote ...
Art and the Bible.

Art and the Bible.  

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Early Art. Stories from the Bible had become the subject of a developed narrative art by the middle of the third century CE in the synagogue discovered at Dura‐Europos, where ...
Ascension

Ascension  

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Religion
In Christian belief, the ascent of Christ into heaven on the fortieth day after the Resurrection. Ascension Day is the Thursday 40 days after Easter, on which Christ's Ascension is celebrated in the ...
Catherine, St, of Alexandria

Catherine, St, of Alexandria  

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According to tradition she was a virgin martyred in the 4th cent. Legend represents her as of noble family and great learning, who was tied to a wheel, tortured, and beheaded. Her body was said to ...
chancery

chancery  

(from the Latin cancella, ‘screen’, hence a screened-off place, or office) The writing-office attached to the court of a ruler, pope, etc. Since it supplied the writ necessary for a lawsuit to be ...
Children of God

Children of God  

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A cult founded in California in 1968 by David Berg (1919–94), who assumed the name David, and became known to his followers as Mo. The movement established a number of ...
chosen People

chosen People  

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Those selected by God for a special relationship with him, especially the people of Israel, the Jews.
Christian archaeology

Christian archaeology  

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Religion
The phrase commonly denotes the study of the monuments, as distinct from the documents, of early Christianity for the light they can throw on the thought and religious life of the Church, especially ...
Christian mythology

Christian mythology  

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The New Testament, or Christian section of the Bible, various non-canonical or apocryphal “gospels,” and as other writings and traditions center on the person of Jesus of Nazareth, a Jewish ...
Christianity

Christianity  

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The religion based on the person and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth, or its beliefs and practices. It originated among the Jewish followers of Jesus of Nazareth, who believed that he was the promised ...
Christianity in Africa

Christianity in Africa  

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Religion
Apart from Egypt and the Mediterranean coast (Roman ‘Africa’, on which see the next entry), Christianity had by the 4th cent. penetrated to Nubia (where it died out in the 16th cent.) and Ethiopia, ...
creed

creed  

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A formal statement of Christian beliefs, especially the Apostles' Creed, the Athanasian Creed, or the Nicene Creed.
diplomatic

diplomatic  

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The term ‘diplomatic’ can have three different, if related, meanings in a manuscript context.‘Diplomatic’, the term used in this sense from the seventeenth century onwards, is the science or ...
Ephesus

Ephesus  

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Religion
In NT times Ephesus was the capital of the Proconsular Province of Asia and an important commercial centre. It was the scene of important labours of St Paul and traditionally the home of the aged St ...
Epistle to the Galatians

Epistle to the Galatians  

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Religion
St Paul apparently wrote this letter from Ephesus or Macedonia to his Galatian converts on receiving news of a movement requiring them to keep all the commandments of the Jewish Law and thereby (as ...
Epistle to the Philippians

Epistle to the Philippians  

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Religion
This NT letter is addressed by St Paul to the Christian community at Philippi in Greece, the first Church which he had founded in Europe. Its authenticity is solidly attested in antiquity and almost ...
Gospel

Gospel  

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Religion
The record of Christ's life and teaching in the first four books of the New Testament; each of these books. The four Gospels ascribed to St Matthew, St Mark, St Luke, and St John all give an account ...

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