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abbreviation

abbreviation  

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Overview Page
The Web and the Internet float on a flood of abbreviations. They are often used to save time when posting to a newsgroup or writing an email. This dictionary contains most of the common abbreviations ...
Acathistus

Acathistus  

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Religion
(Gk. ‘not sitting’, because it was sung standing), a famous Greek liturgical hymn in honour of the BVM. It may be the work of St Romanos ‘Melodos’, but the authorship is disputed.
Akathistos hymn

Akathistos hymn  

(c.6th century)Anonymous kontakion, originally for the Annunciation; still sung on Sundays and a Saturday in Great Lent. Its form consists of two prooimia and twenty-four oikoi (stanzas). The ...
argument

argument  

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Literature
In the specialized literary sense, a brief summary of the plot or subject‐matter of a long poem (or other work), such as those prefixed to the books of Milton's Paradise Lost; or, in a sense closer ...
Book of Lamentations

Book of Lamentations  

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Religion
(in Heb., Ekah or Kinot).One of the five scrolls of the Hebrew Bible. It is read in Jewish liturgy on the Ninth of Av.
Book of Nahum

Book of Nahum  

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Religion
Minor Prophet. It predicts the fall of Nineveh (c.612 bc), which is regarded as so imminent that the Book is usually dated shortly before this event. The psalm at the beginning (1: 2–9 or 1: 2–2: 2) ...
Chaeremon

Chaeremon  

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A tragic poet active about the middle of the 4th cent. bc. Aristotle, Rhetorica 3. 12=1413b13ff., says that his work was suitable for reading (rather than performance) and that he ...
Commodian

Commodian  

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Religion
Christian Latin poet. He is generally held to have flourished in Africa in the mid-3rd cent., but some have dated him later, e.g. in the 5th cent. in S. Gaul. He was a convert from paganism. Two of ...
Dionysius (16)

Dionysius (16)  

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(? 2nd cent. ad), a Greek, son of Calliphron, author of Description of Hellas (for schoolboys?); 150 feeble iambics survive: preface (acrostics); Ambracia–Peloponnese; [gap]; Cretan cities; Cyclades ...
Erotopaignia

Erotopaignia  

(᾽Ερωτοπαίγνια, “Games of Love”), a collection of vernacular love poems in political verse found in a unique late 15th-C. MS, though the poems themselves are older. The Erotopaignia include three ...
Ilias Latina

Ilias Latina  

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An epitome in Latin of Homer's Iliad in 1,070 hexameters, attributed in the manuscripts simply to ‘Homerus’ or (strangely) ‘Pindarus’; initial and final acrostics (with emendation) yield ‘italicus ...
kontakion

kontakion  

First important type of Byzantine hymn (5th–6th centuries); a sermon-like metrical biblical paraphrase with stanzas (oikoi), an introductory strophe (prooimion or koukoulion), and refrains ...
Literacy in Ancient Israel.

Literacy in Ancient Israel.  

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Religion
The invention of the alphabet in the Levant in the second millennium BCE and its subsequent adoption as the preferred writing system in various regions by the beginning of the ...
Mercy of God.

Mercy of God.  

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Religion
The concept of a loving and merciful god is ancient, found in hymns to Egyptian, Sumerian, and Babylonian deities. In the Ugaritic texts, the high god El is formulaically described ...
mnemonic

mnemonic  

A device such as a pattern of letters, ideas, or associations which assists in remembering something. Recorded from the mid 18th century (as an adjective), the word comes ultimately from Greek ...
Oikos

Oikos  

(οἰ̑κος), a term with a number of meanings, primarily referring to the house and household, but also used in a hymnographic context.1. Oikos as a Fiscal and Economic Term. The ...
Optatianus Porfyrius, Publilius

Optatianus Porfyrius, Publilius  

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(PLRE 649) (3rd–4th cent. ad),Latin poet. Exiled by Constantine I, he owed his recall to a set of poems presented to the emperor. He was twice praefectus urbi. His ...
Poetry, Biblical Hebrew.

Poetry, Biblical Hebrew.  

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Religion
Poetry is the elevated style in which songs, hymns, lamentations, proverbs, wisdom, and prophetic speeches are composed. Biblical poems tend to be of short or medium length, ranging from two ...
Poetry, Ecclesiastical

Poetry, Ecclesiastical  

Verse used during the liturgy or in religious contexts. Much of the liturgy in the Orthodox church consists of hymns; some are brief, such as stichera and troparia, meditations inserted ...
Sibylline Oracles

Sibylline Oracles  

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Religion
A collection of prophetic oracles in fourteen books by Jewish and Christian authors. Their dates are disputed, but probably range from the late 2nd to the 4th cents.

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