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Acheulian

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Abbevillian

Abbevillian  

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Archaeology
[CP]Now obsolete, this term was originally proposed by Abbé Breuil in ad 1939 to describe the pre‐Acheulian flint industries of western Europe on the basis of material from Abbeville in France. Also ...
Acheulian Tradition

Acheulian Tradition   Reference library

Derek A. Roe and Gonen Sharon

The Oxford Companion To Archaeology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Archaeology
Length:
2,182 words

A major facies of the Lower Paleolithic whose stone tool assemblages include bifacially knapped tools, primarily hand axes and cleavers,

biface

biface  

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Archaeology
[De]General term referring to a stone core tool that is usually pointed at one end and flaked on both flat faces until thin and sharp‐edged. Mainly found in Palaeolithic tool industries, and the ...
Bilzingsleben

Bilzingsleben  

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Archaeology
Is an open-air Lower Paleolithic lakeshore site at Steinrinne in eastern Germany, near the confluence of the Wipper and Wirbelbach rivers. It first became known as an old quarry with ...
Boxgrove man

Boxgrove man  

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Archaeology
A fossil hominid of the Middle Pleistocene period, whose fragmentary remains were found at Boxgrove near Chichester, SE England, in 1993 and 1995. Dated (controversially) to about 500,000 years ago, ...
Clactonian

Clactonian  

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Archaeology
Of, relating to, or denoting a Lower Palaeolithic culture represented by flint implements found at Clacton-on-Sea in SE England, dated to about 250,000–200,000 years ago.
cleaver

cleaver  

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Subject:
Archaeology
[Ar]Roughly U‐shaped stone tool with a transverse cutting edge. Acheulian bifacial cleavers resemble truncated handaxes with a straight or oblique edge instead of a point. On flake cleavers the ...
cylindrical hammer technique

cylindrical hammer technique  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[De]Removal of shallow flakes in the manufacture of handaxes and other tools, by using an implement of a softer material (wood or bone) than the tool itself. Characteristic of the Acheulian and later ...
Fauresmith

Fauresmith  

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Archaeology
[CP]A stoneworking industry found in south and east Africa related to the late Acheulian, characterized by small pointed and neatly made handaxes, and named after a site in the Orange Free State. At ...
Homo erectus

Homo erectus  

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Archaeology
[Sp]An early and long‐lived human species (the name means ‘upright man’) that appeared about 1.8 million years ago and survived until at least 250 000 years ago. It is the first human species found ...
Homo sapiens

Homo sapiens  

[Sp]Modern humans. Although it is generally believed that this species emerged about 40 000 years ago, claims of exceptionally early finds dating back to between 130 000 and 70 000 years ago have ...
Hoxnian

Hoxnian  

An interglacial period and a series of temperate-climate deposits named after Hoxne, Suffolk, England, with a characteristic vegetational sequence that occurs in tills of the earliest glacial stages, ...
Kalambo Falls

Kalambo Falls  

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Archaeology
This spectacular 722 foot (220 m) single-drop waterfall lies on the frontier between Zambia and Tanzania, near the southeastern corner of Lake Tanganyika. It has been formed by the Kalambo ...
Leakey, Louis(1903–1972) and Mary (b. 1913),

Leakey, Louis(1903–1972) and Mary (b. 1913),  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
Pioneered archaeological and human evolutionary research in East Africa, most notably in Kenya and Tanzania. They demonstrated that East Africa was a major “cradle of humankind” that yielded much ...
Olduvai Gorge

Olduvai Gorge  

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Archaeology
A gorge in northern Tanzania, in which the exposed strata contain numerous fossils (especially hominids) spanning the full range of the Pleistocene period.
Olorgesaillie

Olorgesaillie  

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Archaeology
Is an Acheulian hand-axe site in southern Kenya, about 34 miles (55 km) southwest of Nairobi, which dates to about half a million years ago. The artifactrich location was discovered ...
ovate

ovate  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[Ar]A type of Acheulian bifacially worked handaxe with an oval or elliptical shape. Most are relatively thin in cross‐section, and have either a flat or deliberately twisted profile.
Palaeolithic

Palaeolithic  

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History
The Old Stone Age, lasting in Europe from about 2.5 million to 9000 years ago, during which humans used primitive stone tools made by chipping stones and flints.
Sangoan Culture

Sangoan Culture  

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Archaeology
[CP]Middle Palaeolithic, post‐Acheulian, stoneworking industry found in equatorial and southeastern Africa, named after the type‐site of Sango Bay on Lake Victoria, Uganda. The industry is ...
Stone Technology

Stone Technology  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
The human lineage has employed stone technology as a vital part of its adaptive strategy throughout most of the past 2 to 3 million years. The manufacture and use of ...

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