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Africa — history

Africa — history  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Some of the earliest evidence of medical practice comes from Africa. The Egyptians were well known, over 5000 years ago, for their advanced knowledge of medicine. Relics from the time ...
African customary law

African customary law  

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Overview Page
This useful, albeit disputed, term denotes a body of largely unwritten laws that have been derived from social practices regarded as obligatory by the communities concerned. The account below is ...
AIDS dementia complex

AIDS dementia complex  

Another name for HIV dementia. ADC abbrev.
Ali Hassan Mwinyi

Ali Hassan Mwinyi  

1925–President of Tanzania from 1985 to 1995; initiated the country’s transition to a multiparty system.Born in Dar es Salaam (in what was then Tanganyika), Ali Hassan Mwinyi spent his ...
Americans With Disabilities Act

Americans With Disabilities Act  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
The Americans with Disabilities Act (1990) brought civil rights protections enjoyed by other minority groups to people with disabilities. An earlier law, the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, had made it ...
animal testing

animal testing  

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Overview Page
Animals have been widely used for many years to test vaccines, pharmaceutical drugs, cosmetics, etc. This is a legal requirement under the US Food and Drugs Act and similar legislation in most other ...
antibiotics and anti-infective drugs

antibiotics and anti-infective drugs  

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Overview Page
Six categories of drugs are used in the treatment of infections, according to the type of organism against which they are active:• antibacterial drugs• antiviral drugs• antiprotozoal drugs• ...
antiretroviral

antiretroviral  

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Overview Page
(ARV) (anti-ret-roh-vy-răl)describing a drug or therapy that inhibits or slows the growth of retroviruses, specifically HIV, and is used in the treatment of HIV infection and AIDS. Antiretroviral ...
Arthur Ashe

Arthur Ashe  

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Overview Page
(1943–93)An African-American born in Richmond, Virginia, USA, who showed precocious tennis talent from the age of 8. He attended UCLA (University of California Los Angeles) on a tennis scholarship ...
autoimmune disease

autoimmune disease  

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Overview Page
A heterogeneous group of diseases, some of obscure etiology, including rheumatoid arthritis and ulcerative colitis, characterized by development of antibodies that attack the host's cells and ...
autopsy

autopsy  

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Overview Page
(aw-top-si)a review of the clinical history of a deceased person followed by external examination and dissection of the body and ancillary investigations (e.g. toxicology) in order to determine the ...
AZT

AZT  

abbr. for azidothymidine; 3′‐azido‐3′‐deoxythymidine; other names: zidovudine; Retrovir; an analogue of thymidine, the phosphorylated form of which is an inhibitor of reverse transcriptase in ...
Beira, Mozambique

Beira, Mozambique  

Major city of central Mozambique.Named after a former Portuguese province, Beira is the second largest city in Mozambique. Beira is located at the mouth of the Pungue and Buzi ...
Beth Brant

Beth Brant  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(b. 1941), also known as Degonwadonti, short fiction writer, poet, essayist, editor, and activist.Brant, a Bay of Quinte Mohawk from Theyindenaga Mohawk Territory in Ontario, Canada, was born in ...
bisexual

bisexual  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
adj.1. describing an individual who is sexually attracted to both men and women. 2. describing an individual who possesses the qualities of both sexes.1. describing an individual who is sexually ...
blood donor

blood donor  

A person who gives blood for storage in a blood bank. The blood can then be used for transfusion into another patient. In Britain collection is organized by the National Blood Transfusion Services, ...
Botswana

Botswana  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
Former British protectorate of Bechuanaland. British influence in the region was established by the London Missionary Society and traders operating northward from Cape Colony in the early 19th cent. ...
Bushmen

Bushmen  

Term, often considered derogatory, used to describe the San, a group of Khoisan-speaking hunter-gatherers who live in the Kalahari Desert.The first European encounter with the so-called Bushmen of ...
Candida albicans

Candida albicans  

A yeast (yeasts are classified as fungi) species frequently found as part of the commensal oral microbial flora and the female genital tract, having two distinct forms (dimorphic). The organism can ...
cardiothoracic surgery

cardiothoracic surgery  

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Overview Page
Disease of the heart valves primarily affects the mitral and aortic valves, which, respectively, allow blood to flow in one direction into and out of the left ventricular pumping chamber ...

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