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Adventus

Adventus  

(ἀπάντησις), ceremonial arrival rooted in ancient society and religion. Although Byz. adventus ceremonies were held to greet bishops, officials, and saints' relics, the most spectacular adventus ...
amulet

amulet  

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History
An ornament or small piece of jewellery thought to give protection against evil, danger, or disease. The word is recorded from the late 16th century; it comes from Latin, but is of unknown origin.
Armband

Armband  

(usually in plural form ψελ〈λ〉ία, Lat. armillae). The term usually refers to a military ornament, worn by Germanic soldiers on the upper arm. Elsewhere, it is described as armilla gallica ...
Autokrator

Autokrator  

(αὐτοκράτωρ), official Greek translation of imperator, or emperor, until 629; used alongside basileus and other titles thereafter. The Greek term autokrator lacked the Latin's military connotations, ...
basileus

basileus  

The ruling principles of Byzantine imperial power had a dual origin: Roman, itself heir to the Alexandrian and Hellenistic tradition, and Christian. The terrestrial order being the reflection of the ...
ceremony

ceremony  

(in relation to organizational culture) are extravagant, occasional events designed to celebrate the achievements of the organization and its members, and reinforce the values and beliefs.
Claudius

Claudius  

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(10 bc–54 ad)Roman emperor (41–54 ad). He spent his early life engaged in historical study, prevented from entering public life by his physical infirmity; he was proclaimed emperor after the murder ...
coronation

coronation  

As formal acknowledgement of a monarch's right to rule, the coronation confirms their accession and acceptance by their subjects. For early warrior kings, the principle of succession was by election ...
Election

Election  

Election, from the Latin term eligere, “to choose”, was the procedure of designating the titular of certain major ecclesiastical posts or Benefices.Electio, in the medieval Church, was distinguished ...
Factions

Factions  

(from Lat. factio; Gr. μέρος, δη̑μος or δη̑μοι, δημόται; sometimes used as technical term), associations that staged circus games; associations of partisans of any one of the four colors inherited ...
flagellants

flagellants  

Bands of men who in later medieval times scourged themselves in public processions in penance for the sins of the world. Famine and war, and perhaps the prophecies of Joachim of Fiore, produced a ...
gesture

gesture  

A meaningful body movement, usually of the hand or head, though the term can include facial expression and expressive movements of the whole body. The main kinds of gestures are manual ones, ...
Hypapante

Hypapante  

The name used in the E. Church for the feast of Candlemas.
imperator

imperator  

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A generic title for Roman commanders, became a special title of honour. After a victory the general was acclaimed imperator by his soldiers (see acclamation). He assumed the title after his name ...
Improperia

Improperia  

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Overview Page
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Music
(Lat., ‘reproaches’).A series of chants sung in the Roman rite during the Veneration of the Cross on Good Friday. In modern books there are three greater Reproaches based on ...
Iūlius Caesar, Germānicus

Iūlius Caesar, Germānicus  

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Elder son of Nero Claudius Drusus and Antonia (2) the Younger, was born in 15 or 16 bc and adopted in ad 4 by his uncle Tiberius. As Tiberius was immediately adopted by Augustus, Germanicus became a ...
Poetry, Oral

Poetry, Oral  

Although oral poetry may be studied through references to oral singers and singing, often, paradoxically, the main evidence is from written texts, those showing performance details and stylistic ...
Political Structure

Political Structure  

Byz. never possessed a written constitution and the forces that did produce political decisions in Byz. present a difficult, shifting picture. Individual elements within the broader political ...
porphyrogenite

porphyrogenite  

A member of the imperial family at Constantinople, reputedly born in a purple-hung or porphyry chamber. Later, a child born after his or her father's accession to a throne; a member of an imperial or ...
processions

processions  

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Overview Page
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History
Are a very common feature of Greek and Roman religious practice. It is above all in the procession that a group may ritually display its cohesion and power. And the route taken may express the ...

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