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abstract art

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Abram Games

Abram Games  

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(1914–96)British graphic designer, born in London. His father was of Latvian origin. His mother came from the border area between Russia and Poland. He started as a freelance designer in 1936 after ...
Abstract Expressionism

Abstract Expressionism  

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The dominant movement in American painting in the late 1940s and 1950s, characterized by a desire to convey powerful emotions through the sensuous qualities of paint, often on canvases of huge size. ...
Ad Reinhardt

Ad Reinhardt  

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(b Buffalo, NY, 24 Dec. 1913; d New York, 30 Aug. 1967).American painter. From the beginning of his career his painting was abstract, but it changed radically in style over the years. During the ...
Adolph Gottlieb

Adolph Gottlieb  

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(b New York, 14 Mar. 1903; d East Hampton, Long Island, NY, 4 Mar. 1974).American painter, one of the leading Abstract Expressionists. His early work was Expressionist and in 1935 he was one of the ...
Adrian Heath

Adrian Heath  

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(b Burma, 23 June 1920; d Montmirail, France, 15 Sept. 1992).British abstract painter. In 1949 and 1951 he visited St Ives, where he met Ben Nicholson, and he formed ...
Agnes Martin

Agnes Martin  

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(1912–2004)Canadian-born painter, printmaker, and writer on art who settled in the USA in 1932 and became an American citizen in 1950. She lived mainly in New Mexico, but part of her intermittent ...
Alberto Giacometti

Alberto Giacometti  

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(1901–1966)Swiss sculptor, painter, and draughtsman, who is best known for the thin elongated figures that he produced after World War II.Son of the postimpressionist painter Giovanni Giacometti (d. ...
Alexander Calder

Alexander Calder  

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(1898–1976)US sculptor and painter, who was one of the first artists to introduce movement into sculpture through his invention of mobiles.Although his grandfather and his father were both sculptors ...
Alexander Rodchenko

Alexander Rodchenko  

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(1891–1956)A leading avant‐garde designer of the Russian Revolutionary period, Rodchenko was widely known for his Constructivist work across a variety of creative fields including posters, packaging, ...
Antoine Pevsner

Antoine Pevsner  

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(b ?Orel, 18 Jan. 1884; d Paris, 12 Apr. 1962).Russian-born sculptor and painter who became a French citizen in 1930. He was the elder brother of Naum Gabo and like him one of the pioneers and chief ...
Armory Show

Armory Show  

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An art exhibition (officially entitled the International Exhibition of Modern Art) held in New York, 17 February–15 March 1913, at the Armory of the National Guard's Sixty-Ninth Regiment, Lexington ...
Arthur Dove

Arthur Dove  

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(b Canandaigua, NY, 2 Aug. 1880; d Huntington, Long Island, NY, 23 Nov. 1946).American painter, a pioneer of abstract art. For most of his career he earned his living as a commercial illustrator and ...
Asger Jorn

Asger Jorn  

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(1914–73)Danish painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramicist, designer, collector, and writer, active in Paris for much of his career. He was born at Vejrum, Jutland, and grew up in Silkeborg. Initially ...
Australian art

Australian art  

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The art of European origin in Australia can be traced back to 1788, when a British penal colony was established at Sydney Cove. The first non-Aboriginal examples of graphic art ...
Axis

Axis  

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A magazine devoted to contemporary art, published in London 1935–7, edited by the writer Myfanwy Evans assisted by her husband John Piper. In the first issue (January 1935) Axis was described as ‘a ...
Barbara Hepworth

Barbara Hepworth  

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(1903–1975)British sculptor who, with Ben Nicholson and Henry Moore, led the abstract movement in Britain in the 1930s. She was made a DBE in 1965.Born in Wakefield, Yorkshire, she trained at the ...
Barnett Newman

Barnett Newman  

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(b New York, 29 Jan. 1905; d New York, 4 July 1970).American painter (and latterly sculptor), one of the leading figures of Abstract Expressionism and one of the initiators of Colour Field Painting. ...
Ben Nicholson

Ben Nicholson  

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(1894–1982)British abstract painter and the first winner of the Guggenheim International Prize. He was appointed to the OM in 1968.The eldest son of the painter Sir William Nicholson (1872–1949), he ...
biomorphic

biomorphic  

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A term applied to forms in abstract art that derive from or suggest organic (rather than geometric) shapes, as, for example, in the sculpture of Henry Moore.
Canadian art

Canadian art  

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1. PaintingCanada's art reflects divided roots in the Catholic French and Puritan British colonies. La France apportant la foi aux Hurons de la Nouvelle France (c.1670; Quebec, Ursuline Monastery) ...

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