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Académie Française

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Académie

Académie  

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Overview Page
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Literature
Is a word with several different meanings in French cultural history. In the world of education it has designated since the time of Napoleon the 16 regional divisions (each with ...
Académie De Musique Et De Poésie

Académie De Musique Et De Poésie  

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Overview Page
Institution founded in Paris in 1570 by Charles IX to foster the love and study of arts.
Antoine Furetière

Antoine Furetière  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1619–88).Satirist and lexicographer. A member of the Parisian legal bourgeoise, he lived all his life in the capital, acquiring a sinecure as an abbot in 1662. In 1648 he ...
Cardinal Richelieu

Cardinal Richelieu  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(1585–1642), French theologian and politician. He was created a cardinal in 1622; he became President of the Council of Ministers in 1624 and from 1629 he was chief minister of France. Seeking to ...
Charles Perrault

Charles Perrault  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1628–1703),French writer, is remembered today for a collection of fairy tales published under the name of his son Pierre: Histoires et contes du temps passé (1697), subtitled ‘Contes de ma Mère ...
Cid, the

Cid, the  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(c. 1030–99),the favourite hero of Spain in whose story history and myth are difficult to disentangle. Rodrigo Díaz de Vivar, el Cid Campeador, of a noble Castilian family, rose to fame by his ...
classicism

classicism  

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Overview Page
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Literature
1. The classical aesthetic ideals of simplicity, form, order, harmony, balance, clarity, decorum, restraint, serenity, unity, and proportion—together with an emphasis on reason. The term is not ...
Claude Favre de Vaugelas

Claude Favre de Vaugelas  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1585–1650).Son of the famous jurisconsult, Antoine Favre, Vaugelas spent his early life in Savoy. On moving to Paris in 1607 he was employed in the households of, first, the ...
Comte de Buffon

Comte de Buffon  

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(1707–1788) French naturalistThe son of wealthy Burgundian landowners, Buffon was born in Montbard; he studied law at Dijon and medicine at Angers. After traveling in Italy and England, he inherited ...
dictionaries

dictionaries  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
The origins of the English dictionary are found in the late 16th cent. when people became aware of the two levels of English (‘learned’, ‘literary’, ‘inkhorn’, distinct from ‘spoken’, ‘popular’) to ...
Edmund Gosse

Edmund Gosse  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Edmund Gosse (1849–1928) was the most influential arbiter of taste during the last two decades of the nineteenth century and the first two decades of the twentieth. Through readable essays ...
éloge

éloge  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
[ay-lohzh]The French term for a eulogy or encomium, and in literary contexts especially for a solemn speech, usually published later as a kind of obituary tribute, given to one of the great French ...
Eloquence

Eloquence  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Modern usage applies the concept of eloquence in various ways, at times with an implication of distrust, as if a choice had to be made between art and sincerity. But ...
French

French  

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Subject:
Literature
Among the many territories conquered by speakers of Latin during the creation of the Roman Empire was a large area occupied predominantly by Celts, and known then as Gallia (later ...
Institut de France

Institut de France  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Formed in 1795, and housed in the former Collège des Quatre-Nations on Quai Conti, Paris, since 1805, the Institut de France regroups five academies: Académie française, Académie des Inscriptions et ...
Jean Chapelain

Jean Chapelain  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1595–1674).French critic and theorist. His ponderous epic La Pucelle (1656) was savaged by Boileau, who was much indebted to his theoretical writings. Chapelain occupied a key position in literary ...
Jean Ogier de Gombauld

Jean Ogier de Gombauld  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(c. 1570–1666).Of French Huguenot origin, he was a minor favourite of Queen Marie de Médicis, who gave him a pension. As a friend of Conrart he belonged to the ...
Jean-Baptiste Du Bos, abbé

Jean-Baptiste Du Bos, abbé  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1670–1742)Diplomat, historian, critic, and secretary of the Académie Française from 1722 until his death. He was a friend of Pierre Bayle, whose philosophical scepticism he found increasingly ...
Les Immortels

Les Immortels  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Name given to the quarante of the Académie Française.
Louis-Christophe Hachette

Louis-Christophe Hachette  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1800–64).French bookseller and publisher. He bought the Librairie Brédif in 1826, renamed it Hachette, and published educational books and, later, dictionaries, encyclopedias, and famous series, ...

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