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Abwehr

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Allen Welsh Dulles

Allen Welsh Dulles  

(1893–1969), lawyer, foreign service officer, and intelligence official.The grandson of one secretary of state and nephew of another, Dulles entered the foreign service in 1914. He spent World War ...
Brandenburgers

Brandenburgers  

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A German commando force used to facilitate the German advance or to hinder the opposing side's movement by employment of special weapons, co-operation with undercover agents and ruses de guerre ...
Combined Bureau, Middle East

Combined Bureau, Middle East  

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(CBME),British Army–RAF cryptanalytical organization, an outpost of the British government's Code and Cypher School at Bletchley Park, which was formed at Heliopolis, a Cairo suburb, in November ...
Denmark

Denmark  

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A bridge from continental Europe to Scandinavia that is sceptical about the EUDenmark is one of Europe's more physically fragmented countries. The largest part, with around 70% of the territory of ...
double agent

double agent  

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Agent in contact with two opposing intelligence services, only one of which is aware of the double contact or quasi-intelligence services.
Eduard Schulte

Eduard Schulte  

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(1891–1966),anti-Nazi chief executive of Giesche, which was one of Germany's leading mining firms. As such he had detailed knowledge of his country's position regarding raw and synthetic materials. ...
Eire

Eire  

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The Gaelic name for Ireland, the official name of the Republic of Ireland from 1937 to 1949.
Englandspiel

Englandspiel  

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(Spiel, game), codename for German Sicherheitsdienst (see RSHA) counter-intelligence operation, called NORDPOL (North Pole) by the Abwehr, which, between March 1942 and November 1943, deluded SOE ...
ENIGMA

ENIGMA  

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A machine used by the Germans before and during World War II to encode strategic messages. The code was broken by a British intelligence project known as ULTRA.
Ernst Kaltenbrunner

Ernst Kaltenbrunner  

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(1903–46),the son of an Austrian lawyer who followed in his father's footsteps in 1921 when he began studying law at Graz. He joined the Austrian Nazi Party in 1930 ...
fifth column

fifth column  

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A group within a country at war who are sympathetic to or working for its enemies.fifth columnist.the term dates from the Spanish Civil War, when Gen. Mola, leading ...
Gibraltar

Gibraltar  

At the southern tip of Spain, 1,270 feet at its highest point, ‘The Rock’ commands the western entrance to the Mediterranean. The name derives from Djebel Tarik (Mountain of Tarik) after Tarik ibn ...
Hans von Dohnanyi

Hans von Dohnanyi  

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(1902–45),longstanding anti-Nazi, and Dietrich Bonhoeffer's brother-in-law, who was a pre-war judge of the German Supreme Court in Leipzig. He was recruited into the Abwehr as a Sonderführer and ...
Intelligence

Intelligence  

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N.1 the product resulting from the collection, processing, integration, analysis, evaluation, and interpretation of available information concerning foreign countries or areas.2 information and ...
Irish Republican Army

Irish Republican Army  

(IRA).The Irish Volunteers, formed in 1913/14 and reorganized along conventional military command lines after the Easter Rising, became known as the IRA from 1919. During the Anglo‐Irish War, ...
Josef Müller

Josef Müller  

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(1898–1979),anti-Nazi Roman Catholic German lawyer. He was employed in the Vatican from September 1939 where he was used by the anti-Nazi conspirators in the Abwehr to establish contact with ...
Kondor mission

Kondor mission  

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German Abwehr espionage operation in Egypt undertaken in May 1942 by two German nationals, Johannes Eppler and his wireless operator Hans Gerd Sandstetter. In an operation codenamed SALAAM the ...
LUCY Ring

LUCY Ring  

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The name given by the head of the Rote Drei, a GRU (Soviet Military Intelligence) espionage network, to the espionage network run by a German communist, Rudolf Rössler, from Switzerland.[...]
Maj-General Hans Oster

Maj-General Hans Oster  

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(1888–1945),anti-Nazi member of the German Abwehr which he joined in May 1933 after being forced to resign from the German Army because of an illicit love affair. Canaris had ...
Mathilde Carré

Mathilde Carré  

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(1910–70),French nurse recruited into the Franco-Polish interallié intelligence network which she helped betray to the Abwehr. She became a double agent (see Bleicher) but confessed to this to a ...

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