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Abstraction-Création

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Alexander Calder

Alexander Calder  

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(1898–1976)US sculptor and painter, who was one of the first artists to introduce movement into sculpture through his invention of mobiles.Although his grandfather and his father were both sculptors ...
Antoine Pevsner

Antoine Pevsner  

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(b ?Orel, 18 Jan. 1884; d Paris, 12 Apr. 1962).Russian-born sculptor and painter who became a French citizen in 1930. He was the elder brother of Naum Gabo and like him one of the pioneers and chief ...
Barbara Hepworth

Barbara Hepworth  

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(1903–1975)British sculptor who, with Ben Nicholson and Henry Moore, led the abstract movement in Britain in the 1930s. She was made a DBE in 1965.Born in Wakefield, Yorkshire, she trained at the ...
Ben Nicholson

Ben Nicholson  

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(1894–1982)British abstract painter and the first winner of the Guggenheim International Prize. He was appointed to the OM in 1968.The eldest son of the painter Sir William Nicholson (1872–1949), he ...
Cercle et Carré

Cercle et Carré  

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(French, ‘Circle and Square’)A discussion and exhibition society for Constructivist artists formed in Paris in 1929 by the critic Michel Seuphor and the painter Joaquin Torres-Garcia. A journal of ...
Concrete art

Concrete art  

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Term applied to abstract art that is intended to be totally autonomous, without any figurative meaning or symbolic associations. The name was coined by Theo van Doesburg, who in Paris in 1930 issued ...
constructivism

constructivism  

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A movement that originated in Russia c.1914, it dominated art there after the 1917 Revolution and spread to the West in the 1920s. It was characterized by its abstraction and its use of industrial ...
David Smith

David Smith  

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(1906–65).Sculptor, painter, draftsman, and photographer. Among the most significant American sculptors of the twentieth century, he ranked as the first to grasp the potential of welded metal as a ...
Edward Wadsworth

Edward Wadsworth  

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(b Cleckheaton, Yorkshire, 29 Oct. 1889; d London, 21 June 1949).British painter, printmaker, draughtsman, and designer. A friend of Wyndham Lewis, he was a member of the Vorticist group ...
František Kupka

František Kupka  

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(b Opočno, Bohemia, 22 Sept. 1871; d Puteaux, Paris, 24 June 1957).Czech painter and graphic artist, active mainly in France, a pioneer of abstract art. He studied in Prague ...
Fritz Glarner

Fritz Glarner  

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(1899–1972).Painter and printmaker. From the mid-1940s, he focused on Relational Paintings composed of rectangular or nearly rectangular shapes in simple color combinations. Although inspired by the ...
Georges Vantongerloo

Georges Vantongerloo  

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(b Antwerp, 24 Nov. 1886; d Paris, 5 Oct. 1965).Belgian sculptor, painter, architect, and writer on art, active mainly in France, one of the pioneers of a mathematical approach ...
Giacomo Balla

Giacomo Balla  

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(1871–1958)Italian futurist painter, who created some of the earliest nonobjective paintings.Born in Turin, the son of a photographer, Balla worked as a lithographer and studied art before settling ...
Hans Arp

Hans Arp  

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(Strasburg, 1887–1966, Basel),also Jean Arp, was a painter and graphic artist, a sculptor in stone and wood, and a poet who wrote French as well as German poetry. He ...
Jean Arp

Jean Arp  

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(1887–1966)German-born French sculptor, painter, and poet.Born in Strasbourg, Alsace, when it was still part of Germany, Arp was French at heart though German by birth. During his life he moved ...
Joan Miró

Joan Miró  

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(1893–1983)Spanish semi-abstract painter and graphic artist.After overcoming opposition from his father, who, like his father before him, was a craftsman in Barcelona, Miró attended the local school ...
Lucio Fontana

Lucio Fontana  

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(b Rosario, Santa Fé, Argentina, 19 Feb. 1899; d Comabbio, nr. Varese, 7 Sept. 1968).Italian painter, sculptor, and ceramicist. He worked mainly in Milan, where in 1930 he had ...
Naum Gabo

Naum Gabo  

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1890–1977)Russian-born US sculptor, who was one of the founders of European constructivism and a pioneer of kinetic art.Born in Briansk, Russia, he was the brother of the painter and sculptor Antoine ...
Nicholson family

Nicholson family  

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English painters. Sir William Nicholson (1872–1949) was a painter and engraver. He studied in Paris, admiring Manet and Velázquez. From 1893 to 1899 he and his brother-in-law James Pryde, designed ...
Otto Freundlich

Otto Freundlich  

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(b Stolp, Pomerania [now Słupsk, Poland], 10 July 1878; d Maidanek concentration camp, nr. Lublin, 9 Mar. 1943).German painter, sculptor, and designer (of mosaics, tapestries, and stained glass), ...

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