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Peter Abelard

(1079—1142) French scholar, theologian, and philosopher

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Alberic of Paris

Alberic of Paris  

(fl. mid 12th century)One of the leading teachers of logic in Paris in the 1130s and 1140s. Later, he visited Bologna and returned with different views. He was a ...
Anselm of Laon

Anselm of Laon  

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Religion
(d. 1117), theologian. He taught in the cathedral school at Laon. His lectures on the Bible discussed points of interest as they arose; after his death these lectures were reworked and enlarged into ...
apologetics

apologetics  

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Religion
In theology, the attempt to show that a faith is either provable by reason, or at least consistent with reason. More generally, the attempts to defend a doctrine.
Argenteuil

Argenteuil  

A 7th-century women’s abbey near Versailles, developed under Carolingian patronage. Few records survive, none for the century before Heloise was a lay student there c.1115. After Abelard’s castration ...
Arnold of Brescia

Arnold of Brescia  

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Religion
(d. 1155), reformer. A canon regular, c.1139 he had to leave Brescia after taking part in a conflict between the bishop and reformers. In France he supported Peter Abelard and at the Council of Sens ...
atonement

atonement  

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Religion
Reparation, in Christian belief the reconciliation of God and mankind through Jesus Christ. The word comes (in the early 16th century, denoting unity or reconciliation, especially between God and ...
auctoritates

auctoritates  

In the Middle Ages, auctoritates (authorities) were texts recognised as worthy of credit because they gave clear witness to the truth. Holy Scripture was the auctoritas par excellence, as well ...
categories

categories  

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Philosophy
A permanent concern of philosophers has been to discover whether the most general categories of thought, such as space, time, reality, existence, necessity, substance, property, mind, matter, states, ...
Celestine III

Celestine III  

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Religion
(c.1106–98), Pope from 1191. He defended Abelard at the Council of Sens (1140) and later urged Thomas Becket to adopt a less intransigent attitude. Elected Pope in his 85th year, his reign was marked ...
controversies

controversies  

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Religion
There have been numerous controversies in the history of Judaism. In the Middle Ages for example, the Jewish world, after the death of Maimonides in the early thirteenth century, was divided over the ...
Councils of Soissons

Councils of Soissons  

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Religion
The two chief Councils were those of c.1092, which condemned Roscelin for teaching tritheism, and 1121, which condemned Peter Abelard's Theologia Summi Boni.
dialectic

dialectic  

The method of reasoning that proceeds by question and answer and logical argument, famously illustrated by the dialogues of Socrates (470–399bce) as recorded by Plato (c.428–347bce). Teaching of ...
doctrine

doctrine  

The word is used in AV (e.g. Deut. 32: 2) for teaching or instruction, referring to the revealed Law, in the OT. In the NT Jesus is said to rebuke the Pharisees for ‘teaching human precepts as ...
Eloisa to Abelard

Eloisa to Abelard  

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Literature
A heroic epistle by Pope, published 1717. Pope's version of the tragic love of Héloïse and Abelard portrays Héloïse, in a Gothic seclusion of ‘grots and caverns’, still tormented by passionate love, ...
Epistle

Epistle  

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Religion
In the Christian Church, a book of the New Testament in the form of a letter from an Apostle.Epistle also denotes an extract from an Epistle (or another New Testament book not a Gospel) that is read ...
eunuch

eunuch  

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History
A man who has been castrated, especially (in the past) one employed to guard the women's living areas at an oriental court. The word is recorded from Old English, and comes via Latin from Greek ...
exemplarism

exemplarism  

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Religion
The view of the Atonement which holds that the value of the death of Christ for us lies purely in the moral example which it sets us of complete love and self-surrender, thus moving our imagination ...
Geoffrey of Auxerre

Geoffrey of Auxerre  

Twelfth-century abbot and author.A student of Abelard, Geoffrey became a Cistercian in 1140/41. After the death of Bernard of Clairvaux, he assembled the canonization dossier. Abbot of Clairvaux and ...
Gerhoh of Reichersberg

Gerhoh of Reichersberg  

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Religion
(1092/3–1169), Augustinian Canon. He became ‘magister scholarum’ of the cathedral school of Augsburg c.1118, but had to leave his post because of his opposition to the simoniacal bishop. He joined ...
Guillaume of St-Thierry

Guillaume of St-Thierry  

(c.1085–1148) Twelfth-century Cistercian mystical theologian, the author of letters to St Bernard of Clairvaux and several theological treatises,and an opponent of Abelard and William of Conches. See ...

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