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Charles Sanders Peirce

Charles Sanders Peirce  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1839–1914)American philosopher of science and language. Peirce was the son of the distinguished Harvard mathematician Benjamin Peirce, and educated to a mistrust of metaphysical reasoning, compared ...
deduction

deduction  

The form of reasoning characteristic of logic and mathematics in which a conclusion is inferred from a set of premises that logically imply it. The term also denotes a conclusion drawn by this ...
index

index  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
In Charles Sanders Peirce's semiotics, the second part of his tripartite model of the sign's relation to its object (the other two elements are the icon and the symbol). The index sign is ...
indexicality

indexicality  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
Is, simply, the property that characterizes a sign as an index according to Charles Sanders Peirce's definitions and examples. However, by a slight shift of emphasis, based at least somewhat ...
inference

inference  

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Overview Page
The process of moving from (possibly provisional) acceptance of some propositions, to acceptance of others. The goal of logic and of classical epistemology is to codify kinds of inference, and to ...
isotopy

isotopy  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
A technical term first introduced by Algirdas Julien Greimas (1966) to account for the semantic consistency of a text, isotopy has been often redefined and discussed in the works of ...
opposition

opposition  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
The logic of opposition, which goes back at least to Aristotle (384–322 bce), makes an important distinction between contradictories (two propositions that cannot be both true or both false) and ...
plausible reasoning

plausible reasoning  

Automatic reasoning techniques in artificial intelligence that involve some degree of risk or uncertainty and so cannot guarantee absolutely correct solutions. Examples include the use of probability ...
reasoning

reasoning  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
Any process of drawing a conclusion from a set of premises may be called a process of reasoning. If the conclusion concerns what to do, the process is called practical reasoning, otherwise pure or ...
scientific method

scientific method  

The approach that science uses to gain knowledge, based on making observations, formulating laws and theories, and testing theories or hypotheses by experimentation.
Umberto Eco

Umberto Eco  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1932– )Italian academic who achieved literary fame with a single novel, The Name of the Rose (1981).Born in Alessandria, Piedmont, Eco studied at Turin University and has devoted his academic career ...

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